Phylum Actinobacteria, Class Actinobacteria , Subclass Actibacteridae, Order Actynomycetales, Suborder Corynebacterinae, Family
Corynebacteriaceae, Genus Corynebacterium, Corynebacterium mustelae Funke, Frodl and Bernard 2010.
Species description is based on a single isolate.
Gram-positive typically club-shaped rods that occur as single cells, in pairs or in
small clusters. Non-spore-forming. Mycolic acids are present. Tuberculostearic acid
is not present.
Colonies are greenish beige, with irregular edges, up to 2 mm in diameter after 48
hours aerobically incubation on Columbia sheep blood agar at 35 ºC, and express
a characteristic ‘humid cellar’-like odour. Colonies adhere to agar. CAMP test is
negative. Facultatively anaerobic.
Isolated from of a ferret with lethal sepsis. Susceptible to cefotaxime, ciprofloxacin, doxycycline, erythromycin, gentamicin, linezolid,
meropenem, penicillin and vancomycin.
Isolated from various tissues (lung, liver and kidneys) of a ferret with lethal sepsis. It is not known whether transmission of these
corynebacteria to humans occurs.
- Funke G., Frodl R. and Bernard K.A., 2010. Corynebacterium mustelae sp. nov., isolated from a ferret with lethal sepsis. IJSEM
Positive results for catalase, cysteine arylamidase, esculin hydrolysis, ester lipase (C8), esterase (C4), leucine arylamidase,
alpha-glucosidase, phosphoamidase, pyrazinamidase, acid production from: arbutin, fructose, L-fucose, glucose, gentiobiose,
N-acetyl-beta-glucosamine, 5-ketogluconate, maltose, mannose, ribose, sucrose, tagatose & trehalose.
Negative results for acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, alpha- and beta-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase,
N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, lipase, lipophilic reaction, nitrate reduction, pyrrolidonyl arylamidase, trypsin, chymotrypsin, urease,
valine arylamidase, acid production from: adonitol, amygdalin, L-arabinose, arabitol, cellobiose, dulcitol, erythritol, D-fucose, galactose,
glycerol, glycogen, gluconate, 2-ketogluconate, inositol, inulin, lactose, lyxose, mannitol, melezitose, melibiose, raffinose, rhamnose,
salicin, sorbitol, sorbose, starch, turanose, xylitol & xylose.
(c) Costin Stoica