Phylum Actinobacteria, Class Actinobacteria , Subclass Actibacteridae, Order Actynomycetales, Suborder Corynebacterinae, Family
Corynebacteriaceae, Genus Corynebacterium, Corynebacterium marinum Du, Jordan, Rooney, Chen and Austin 2010.
Description is based on a single isolate.
Gram-positive, short, diphtheroid rods; some cells are arranged in a V formation.
Colonies on MA (marine agar 2216E, Difco) medium are erose, convex, yellow,
creamy and 0.5–1.5 mm in diameter after 48 h at 28 ºC. Lyses horse blood cells.
Grows at 4-37 ºC; 30-32 ºC optimum. Grows in 0-8% NaCl (optimum 1%).
Isolated from coastal sediment close to a coal-fired power station in Qingdao, China. Resistant to cotrimoxazole, tetracycline, nalidixic
acid, nitrofurantoin, sulphamethizole. Sensitive to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, gentamycin, kanamycin, carbenicillin and streptomycin.
- Du Z.J., Jordan E.M., Rooney A.P., Chen G.J. and Austin B., 2010. Corynebacterium marinum sp. nov. isolated from coastal
sediment. IJSEM 60, 1944-1947.
Most results are based on API CORYNE (3200127), API 50 CH and API ZYM tests.
Positive results for catalase, casein hydrolysis, alpha-chymotrypsin, beta-glucuronidase, nitrate reduction, pyrazinamidase, starch
hydrolysis, Tweens 20-80 hydrolysis, Voges-Proskauer reaction, acid production from: glucose, glycogen, maltose & sucrose.
Negative results for alkaline phosphatase, acid phosphatase, aesculin hydrolysis, esterase lipase (C4), beta-galactosidase, alpha-
and beta-glucosidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, gelatin hydrolysis, lipase, methyl red, oxidase, trypsin, urease, acid production
from: lactose, mannitol, ribose & xylose.
(c) Costin Stoica