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Phylum Actinobacteria, Class Actinobacteria, Subclass Actibacteridae, Order Actynomycetales, Suborder Corynebacterinae, Family
Corynebacteriaceae, Genus Corynebacterium,
Corynebacterium canis Funke, Englert, Frodl, Bernard and Stenger 2010.

Description is based on a single isolate.
Gram-positive coryneform (club-shaped) bacteria arranged in single cells, clusters or
filamentous rods (more than 15 µm in length); some cells exhibited branching.
Nonspore-forming. Nonmotile.
Colonies are domed and adherent to agar, beige-whitish, dryish with  irregular
margins, convoluted, 1.0-2.0 mm in diameter after 48 h of incubation at 37 ºC on
Columbia sheep blood agar. CAMP reaction is negative. Facultatively anaerobic.
Isolated from a patient’s wound caused by a dog bite. Susceptible to cefotaxime,  ciprofloxacin, doxycycline, erythromycin, gentamicin,
linezolid, meropenem, penicillin, rifampicin, vancomycin and vibriocidal compound O/129.
Undetermined.
  1. Funke G., Englert R., Frodl R., Bernard K.A. and Stenger S., 2010. Corynebacterium canis sp. nov., isolated from a wound infection
    caused by a dog bite. IJSEM 60, 2544-2547.
Fermentative metabolism. Some biochemical characters were tested on API Coryne.

Positive results for alkaline phosphatase, catalase, esterase (C4), esterase lipase (C8), alpha- and beta-glucosidase, leucine
arylamidase, nitrate reduction, phosphoamidase, pyrazinamidase, trypsin, acid production from: arbutin, fructose, galactose, glucose,
glycerol, glycogen,5-ketogluconate, maltose, mannose, starch, salicin, sucrose, tagatose & trehalose.

Negative results for alpha-chymotrypsin, beta-galactosidase, gelatin hydrolysis, lipase, lipophilism, urease, acid production from:
N-acetylglucosamine, adonitol, amygdalin, arabinose, arabitol, cellobiose, erythritol, fucose, gentiobiose, gluconate,
2-ketogluconate,inositol, inulin, D-lyxose, mannitol, melezitose, melibiose, ribose, sorbitol, sorbose, turanose, xylitol & xylose.
Corynebacterium canis
(c) Costin Stoica
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