Phylum Actinobacteria, Class Actinobacteria, Order Micrococcales, Family Micrococcaceae, Genus Arthrobacter, Arthrobacter
gandavensis Storms, Devriese, Coopman, Schumann, Vyncke and Gillis, 2003.
Gram-positive relatively small (0.5-1 µm) coccobacilli with one pointed end. Motile.
Spores are not produced.
Colonies are smooth, glistening, up to 1 mm in diameter. A bright yellow pigment is
produced on Columbia agar with 5% sheep blood at 37 ºC in air. Culture precipitate
(sediment) partially in BHI broth. Obligate aerobic. Grows at 25, 37 and 42 ºC. No
growth in NaCl 6.5%.
Habitat is unknown. Isolated from mammary and uterine infections from cattle.
Isolated from mammary and uterine infections from cattle but its pathogenic role in these processes is uncertain.
- Storms V., Devriese L.A., Coopman R., Schumann P., Vynce F. and Gillis M., 2003. Artrobacter gandavensis sp. nov., for strains of
veterinary origin. IJSEM 53, 1881-1884.
Description is based on API Coryne and API 50CH tests results.
Positive results for catalase, esculin hydrolysis, alpha- and beta-glucosidase, beta-galactosidase, nitrate reduction, ONPG,
pyrazinamidase, urease, weak acid production from: aesculin, fructose & ribose.
Negative results for beta-glucuronidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, pyrrolidonyl arylamidase, acid production from: adonitol,
amygdalin, arbutin, arabitol, arabinose, cellobiose, dulcitol, erythritol, fucose, galactose, beta-gentiobiose, gluconate, glycogen,
glycerol, inositol, inulin, 2- or 5-ketogluconate, lactose, lyxose, maltose, mannitol, melezitose, melibiose, methyl alpha-D-glucoside,
methyl beta-glycoside, methyl alpha-D-mannoside, raffinose, salicin, sorbitol, sorbose, starch, sucrose, tagatose, trehalose,
turanose, xylitol & xylose.
Variable results for gelatin hydrolysis, acid production from glucose, mannose & rhamnose.
(c) Costin Stoica