Colonies are round, entire, convex and colourless, 1.0-2.5 mm diameter on R2A agar
after 48 h incubation at 25 ºC. Growth occurs at 4-45 ºC (optimum, 30 ºC). Grows at
pH 7.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.5) and with 0-2% NaCl (optimum, 0.5%). Aerobic.
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Neisseriales, Family Chromobacteriaceae, Genus Vogesella, Vogesella
Chou et al. 2008.
Gram-negative rods, 0.8 x 1.0-2.0 μm. Motile by a single polar flagellum. Non-spore-
forming. Poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate granules are accumulated.
Isolated from water samples collected from a spring in Tainan County, Taiwan.
Susceptible to tetracycline, kanamycin, rifampicin, gentamicin, penicillin G, chloramphenicol, nalidixic acid, novobiocin, streptomycin,
ampicillin and sulfamethoxazole + trimethoprim.
  1. Chou Y.J., Chou J.H., Lin M.C., Arun A.B., Young C.C. and Chen W.M.: Vogesella perlucida sp. nov., a non-pigmented bacterium
    isolated from spring water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2677-2681.
  2. Chou J.H., Chou Y.J., Arun A.B., Young C.C., Chen C.A., Wang J.T. and Chen W.M.: Vogesella lacus sp. nov., isolated from a soft-
    shell turtle culture pond. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2629-2632.
  3. Euzeby (J.P.): List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a folder available on the Internet. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.,
    1997, 47, 590-592. (List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature.
Positive results for acid and alkaline phosphatase, acetoin production, catalase, C4
esterase, C8 esterase lipase, C14 lipase, alpha-glucosidase, indole production,
nitrate reduction, leucine arylamidase, oxidase, Tween 20, 40, 60 and 80 hydrolysis,
valine arylamidase, acid production from: inositol, mannitol & sucrose.
Can utilize in API 20 NE: N-acetylglucosamine, glucose, malic acid, mannitol & maltose.
Oxidation in Biolog GN2: D-fructose, sucrose, N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, D-psicose, Tween 40 and 80, hydroxy-L-proline, L-proline,
L-glutamic acid, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, gamma-aminobutyric acid & urocanic acid.

Negative results for arginine hydrolysis, alpha-chymotrypsin, chitin hydrolysis, cystine arylamidase, casein hydrolysis, esculin
hydrolysis, alpha-fucosidase, gelatin hydrolysis, H
2S production, alpha- and beta-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase,
beta-glucosidase, alpha-mannosidase, lysine decarboxylase, ornithine decarboxylase, starch hydrolysis, trypsin, urease, acid
production from amygdalin & glucose.
No utilization of: arabinose, mannose, capric acid, adipic acid, trisodium citrate, potassium gluconate & phenylacetic acid.
No oxidation of: alpha-cyclodextrin, dextrin, glycogen, N-acetyl-D-galactosamine, adonitol, trehalose, turanose, L-arabinose,
D-arabitol, cellobiose, i-erythritol, L-fucose, D-galactose, gentiobiose, myo-inositol, alpha-D-lactose, lactulose, D-mannitol,
D-mannose, melibiose, methyl beta-D-glucoside, raffinose, L-rhamnose, D-sorbitol, xylitol, pyruvic acid methyl ester, succinic acid
monomethyl ester, formic acid, D-gluconic acid, DL-lactic acid, quinic acid, succinic acid, bromosuccinic acid, acetic acid, cis-aconitic
acid, citric
acid, D-galactonic acid lactone, D-galacturonic acid, D-glucosaminic acid, D-glucuronic acid, alpha-hydroxybutyric acid,
gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, p-hydroxyphenylacetic acid, itaconic acid, alpha-ketobutyric acid, alpha-ketoglutaric acid, alpha-ketovaleric
acid, malonic acid, propionic acid, D-saccharic acid, sebacic acid, succinamic acid, L-alanine, L-asparagine, L-aspartic acid,
L-histidine, L-leucine, L-ornithine, DL-carnitine, glucuronamide, L-alaninamide, D-alanine, L-alanyl glycine, glycyl L-aspartic acid,
glycyl L-glutamic acid, L-phenylalanine, L-pyroglutamic acid, D-serine, L-serine, L-threonine, inosine, uridine, thymidine,
phenylethylamine, putrescine, 2-aminoethanol, 2,3-butanediol, glycerol, DL-alpha-glycerol-phosphate, alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate
& D-glucose 6-phosphate.
Vogesella perlucida
(c) Costin Stoica
Culture media
Biochemical tests
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