Colonies are round, entire, convex and colourless, 1.0-2.0 mm diameter on R2A agar
after 48 h incubation at 25 ºC. Growth occurs at 10-42 ºC (optimum, 25-30 ºC). Grows
at pH 7.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and with 0-3% NaCl (optimum, 0.5%). Aerobic.
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Neisseriales, Family Chromobacteriaceae, Genus Vogesella, Vogesella
lacus
Chou et al. 2009.
Gram-negative rods, 0.8 x 1.5-2.3 μm. Motile by a single polar flagellum. Non-spore-
forming. Poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate granules are accumulated.
Isolated from a water sample from a pond used for the culture of soft-shell turtles (Trionyx sinensis), Pingtung County, Taiwan.
Susceptible to tetracycline, kanamycin, rifampicin, gentamicin, penicillin G, chloramphenicol, nalidixic acid, novobiocin, streptomycin,
ampicillin and sulfamethoxazole + trimethoprim.
Undetermined.
  1. Chou J.H., Chou Y.J., Arun A.B., Young C.C., Chen C.A., Wang J.T. and Chen W.M.: Vogesella lacus sp. nov., isolated from a soft-
    shell turtle culture pond. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2629-2632.
  2. Euzeby (J.P.): List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a folder available on the Internet. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.,
    1997, 47, 590-592. (List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. http://www.bacterio.net).
Positive results for alkaline phosphatase, catalase, casein hydrolysis, C4 esterase,
C8 esterase lipase, DNase (weak), indole production, nitrate reduction, leucine
arylamidase, oxidase, Tween 40 (weak), 60 and 80 hydrolysis & valine arylamidase.
Can utilize in API 20 NE: citrate, D-glucose, D-mannitol, D-mannose & malate.
Oxidation in Biolog GN2: alpha-D-glucose, D-fructose, D-mannose, D-psicose, D-mannitol, Nacetyl-D-glucosamine, glycogen, Tween
40, Tween 80, DL-lactic acid, gamma-aminobutyric acid, citric acid, L-histidine, hydroxy-L-proline, L-alanine, L-proline, L-asparagine,
L-aspartic acid, L-glutamic acid, L-ornithine, L-phenylalanine & L-alanyl glycine.

Negative results for acid phosphatase, arginine hydrolysis, C14 lipase, alpha-chymotrypsin, esculin hydrolysis, alpha-fucosidase,
gelatin hydrolysis, alpha- and beta-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase, alpha- and beta-glucosidase, alpha-mannosidase, starch
hydrolysis, Tweeen 20 hydrolysis, trypsin & urease. No acid production from glucose.
No utilization of: L-arabinose, maltose, N-acetylglucosamine, adipate, phenylacetate, gluconate & caprate.
No oxidation of: maltose, cellobiose, L-arabinose, L-rhamnose, melibiose, D-galactose, raffinose, gentiobiose, alpha-D-lactose,
trehalose, lactulose, turanose, D-sorbitol, 2,3-butanediol, i-erythritol, adonitol, xylitol, D-arabitol, myo-inositol, glycerol,
N-acetyl-D-galactosamine, sucrose, alpha-cyclodextrin, dextrin, methyl beta-D-glucoside, acetic acid, D-glucosaminic acid,
p-hydroxyphenylacetic acid, bromosuccinic acid, urocanic acid, cis-aconitic acid, itaconic acid, succinamic acid, alpha-ketobutyric
acid, glucuronamide, L-leucine, L-serine, L-threonine, D-serine, D-alanine, phenylethylamine, L-pyroglutamic acid, glycyl L-aspartic
acid, glycyl L-glutamic acid, DL-carnitine, D-alaninamide, 2-aminoethanol, putrescine, uridine, thymidine, inosine, formic acid,
alpha-ketoglutaric acid, D-galacturonic acid, D-galactonic acid lactone, alpha-ketovaleric acid, D-gluconic acid, malonic acid,
propionic acid, D-glucuronic acid, quinic acid, alpha-hydroxybutyric acid, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, D-saccharic acid,
DL-alpha-glycerol phosphate, pyruvic acid methyl ester, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, sebacic acid, alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate,
succinic acid & D-glucose 6-phosphate.
Vogesella lacus
(c) Costin Stoica
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