Colonies are round, entire, raised, smooth, and shiny,1 mm in diameter (uncrowded
growth) after 24 h, 2 mm in diameter after 48 h and 10 mm after 1 to 2 weeks.
Produce a deep royal blue with a metallic copper-colored sheen at 36 to 48 h, due to
production of indigoidine. Slightly acidic conditions (pH 6.5) favor pigment production
on plate count agar. Abundant blue pigmentation occurs on PCA, Thayer-Martin agar,
chocolate agar, blood agar, Pseudomonas F agar, and chalk agar. Violacein and
pyoverdin are not formed. Alpha-hemolytic. Aerobic. Grows at 4 ºC and 37 ºC but not at
2 ºC and 40 ºC. Grows at pH 6.2 and most strains grow at pH 8.6, but not at pH 4.0.
Grows in the presence of 1 % (w/v) NaCl, but not in 2% NaCl. Fluorescence-positive
on chalk agar (very weak).
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Neisseriales, Family Chromobacteriaceae, Genus Vogesella, Vogesella
indigofera (Voges 1893) Grimes et al. 1997, type species of the genus.
Old synonyms: Pseudomonas indigofera (Voges 1893) Migula 1900, Bacillus indigoferus Voges 1893.
Gram-negative, straight rods, 0.5 x 3.5 μm, occurring singly, in pairs or short chains.
Occasional vibrioid rods may be observed. Motile by means of one polar flagellum.
Non-spore-forming. Poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate granules are present.
Isolated from freshwater samples and pond sediment.
- Grimes D.J., Woese C.R., MacDonell M.T. and Colwell R.R.: Systematic study of the genus Vogesella gen. nov. and its type
species Vogesella indigofera comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 19-27.
- Tone Tonjum, 2005. Order IV. Neisseriales ord. nov. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second edition, Vol two, part
C The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp 774-863.
- Chen, W. M., Chen, J. C., Wang, C., Huang, C. W. and Sheu, S. Y. 2015. Vogesella amnigena sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater
river Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 3634-3640.
- Chou Y.J., Chou J.H., Lin M.C., Arun A.B., Young C.C. and Chen W.M.: Vogesella perlucida sp. nov., a non-pigmented bacterium
isolated from spring water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2677-2681.
- Euzeby (J.P.): List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a folder available on the Internet. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.,
1997, 47, 590-592. (List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. http://www.bacterio.net).
Positive results for alkaline phosphatase, catalase, DNase, alpha-glucosidase, indole production, C4 esterase, C8 esterase lipase,
leucine arylamidase, nitrate reduction (with gas production), oxidase, acid production from amygdalin & inositol.
Can utilize: citrate (negative in API 20 NE), D-fructose, D-glucose, glycerol, ethanol, D-alanine, L-alanine, L-arginine, L-histidine, L-
ornithine, L-proline, gamma-aminobutyrate, fumarate & putrescine.
Negative results for arginine hydrolysis, casein hydrolysis, chitinase, corn oil hydrolysis, esculin hydrolysis, alpha-fucosidase, gelatin
hydrolysis, alpha- and beta-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase, beta-glucosidase, H2S production, lysine decarboxylase, alpha-
mannosidase, methyl red test, ornithine decarboxylase, pectinase, phenylalanine deaminase, starch hydrolysis, Tween 80 hydrolysis,
urease & Voges–Proskauer test. Acid is not produced from: arabinose, glucose, mannitol, maltose & trehalose.
No utilization of: arabinose, galactose, sucrose, xylose, propionate & 1-propanol.
(c) Costin Stoica