Colonies are colourless to white, raised, round and smooth with entire edges, 1.1-2.0
mm in diameter after 48 h of incubation at 25 ºC on R2A agar . Facultatively anaerobic.
Mesophilic; grows at 15-37 ºC (optimum 25 ºC). Grows at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum at pH
7.0). NaCl is not required for growth (maximum tolerance 1%, optimum 0.5% NaCl).  
Grows well on Nutrient agar, Trypticase Soy agar, R2A agar and LB agar.
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Neisseriales, Family Chromobacteriaceae, Genus Vogesella, Vogesella
facilis
Sheu et al. 2016.
Gram-negative rods, 0.5-0.8 x 1.0-1.8 μm, surrounded by a thick capsule. Motile by a
single polar flagellum. Non-spore-forming. Poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate granules are
accumulated.
Isolated from the Chaohu River near Taichung city, Taiwan.
Undetermined.
  1. Sheu, S. Y., Chen, Y. L., Young, C. C. and Chen, W. M. 2016. Vogesella facilis sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater river, and
    emended description of the genus Vogesella. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 817-823.
  2. Chen, W. M., Chen, J. C., Wang, C., Huang, C. W. and Sheu, S. Y. 2015. Vogesella amnigena sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater
    river Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 3634-3640.
  3. Euzeby (J.P.): List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a folder available on the Internet. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.,
    1997, 47, 590-592. (List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. http://www.bacterio.net).
Positive results for alkaline phosphatase, catalase, C4 esterase, C8 esterase lipase, DNase, nitrate reduction, indole production,
leucine arylamidase, Tween 40 and 60 hydrolysis, oxidase & valine arylamidase.
Can utilize in API 20 NE: glucose, arabinose, N-acetylglucosamine, gluconate, caprate & malate.
Can utilize in Biolog GN2: dextrin, Tweens 40 and 80, N-acetylglucosamine, L-arabinose, D-fructose, D-galactose, alpha-D-glucose,
myo-inositol, D-psicose, pyruvic acid methyl ester, succinic acid monomethyl ester, acetic acid, formic acid, D-galactonic acid lactone,
D-gluconic acid, alpha- and beta-hydroxybutyric acid, gamma-hydroxyphenylacetic acid, alpha-ketobutyric acid, DL-lactic acid,
propionic acid, quinic acid, succinic acid, L-alaninamide, D-alanine, L-alanine, L-alanyl-glycine, L-asparagine, L-aspartic acid,
L-glutamic acid, glycyl-L-glutamic acid, L-histidine, hydroxyl-L-proline, L-leucine, L-ornithine, L-proline, D-serine, L-serine,
L-threonine, gamma-aminobutyric acid, putrescine & 2,3-butanediol.

Negative results for arginine hydrolysis, casein hydrolysis, chitinase, C14 lipase, cystine arylamidase, esculin hydrolysis,
alpha-fucosidase, gelatin hydrolysis, alpha- and beta-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase, alpha- and beta-glucosidase,
alpha-mannosidase, starch hydrolysis, Tweeen 20 and 80 hydrolysis, trypsin & urease. No acid production from glucose.
No utilization of: mannose, mannitol, maltose, adipate, citrate & phenylacetate.
Vogesella facilis
(c) Costin Stoica
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