Colonies on R2A are circular, convex and milky white. Growth occurs at  15-40 ºC,
optimally at 25-30 ºC. Can grow in pH 6.0 and 8.0, optimally in pH 7.0. Can grow in
0-2% (w/v) NaCl. Facultatively anaerobic.
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Neisseriales, Family Chromobacteriaceae, Genus Silvimonas, Silvimonas
terrae
Yang et al. 2005, type species of the genus.
Gram-negative rods, 0.5-0.8 x 1.3-2.0 μm, occuring singly or in pairs. Motile by means
of a single polar flagellum.
Isolated from forest soil collected near KAIST, Daejeon, South Korea.
Resistant to ampicillin, tetracycline, streptomycin. Sensitive to kanamycin.
Undetermined.
  1. Yang H.C., Im W.T., An D.S., Park W., Kim I.S. and Lee S.T.: Silvimonas terrae gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel chitin-degrading
    facultative anaerobe belonging to the 'Betaproteobacteria'. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2329-2332.
  2. Muramatsu Y., Suzuki K. and Nakagawa Y.: Silvimonas iriomotensis sp. nov. and Silvimonas amylolytica sp. nov., new members
    of the class Betaproteobacteria isolated from the subtropical zone in Japan. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 174-178.
  3. Yoon J.H., Choi J.H., Kang S.J., Choi N.S., Lee J.S. and Song J.J.: Jeongeupia naejangsanensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a cellulose-
    degrading bacterium isolated from forest soil from Naejang Mountain in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 615-619.
  4. Euzeby (J.P.): List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a folder available on the Internet. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.,
    1997, 47, 590-592. (List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. http://www.bacterio.net).
Positive results for catalase, casein hydrolysis, chitin hydrolysis (but negative in
Muramatsu's study), CM-cellulose hydrolysis, DNase, beta-glucosidase, beta-galactosidase, nitrate reduction, oxidase, starch
hydrolysis, acid production from glucose.
Can utilize L-fucose, L-arabinose, maltose, D-mannose, L-rhamnose, D-sucrose, mannitol, N-acetylglucosamine & gluconate.

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, esculin hydrolysis, gelatin hydrolysis, indole production, nitrite reduction to nitrogen &
urease.
No utilization of D-ribose, 3-hydroxybutyrate, acetate, adipate, citrate, 3-hydroxybenzoate, malate, valerate, 4-hydroxybenzoate,
5-ketogluconate, caprate, itaconate, D-sorbitol, lactate, malonate, phenylacetate, suberate, L-alanine, L-proline, L-serine, inositol,
D-melibiose, glycogen & salicin.

Differential characters of Silvimonas species:
Silvimonas terrae
(c) Costin Stoica
Antibiogram
Encyclopedia
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Biochemical tests
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Esculin hydrolysis
DNase
Lactulose
utilization
L-Rhamnose
utilization
D,L-Lactic acid
utilization
L-Asparagine
utilization
Glucose 1-phosphate  
utilization
S. iriomotensis
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S. amylolytica
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S. terrae
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