Colonies are pale yellow, smooth, circular, with rhizoid margins. Growth occurrs at 14-
45 ºC (optimum, 30-37 ºC).No growth in the presence of 4 % (w/v) NaCl. Facultatively
anaerobic. Grows well with chitin as a sole carbon source. Grows on R2A agar.
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Neisseriales, Family Chromobacteriaceae, Genus Chitiniphilus,
Chitiniphilus shinanonensis Sato et al. 2009, type species of the genus.
Gram-negative, curved rods, 0.7-0.8 x 1.2-1.5 μm. Motile by means of one polar
flagellu
m. Non-spore-forming.
Isolated from moat water of Ueda Castle in Nagano Prefecture, Japan.
Undetermined.
  1. Sato K., Kato Y., Taguchi G., Nogawa M., Yokota A. and Shimosaka M.: Chitiniphilus shinanonensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel
    chitin-degrading bacterium belonging to Betaproteobacteria. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2009, 55, 147-153.
  2. Su W, Zhou Z, Jiang F, Chang X, Liu Y, Wang S, Kan W, Xiao M, Shao M, Peng F, Fang C. 2013. Iodobacter limnosediminis sp.
    nov., isolated from Arctic lake sediment Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 63(4):1464-1470 doi:10.1099/ijs.0.039982-0.
  3. Euzeby (J.P.): List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a folder available on the Internet. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.,
    1997, 47, 590-592. (List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. http://www.bacterio.net).
Description is based  on API 20 NE, API ZYM and API 50 CHB results.

Positive results for acid
phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase (weak), catalase, chitin hydrolysis, esculin hydrolysis, esterase (C4),
esterase lipase (C8), alpha-glucosidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, leucine arylamidase, nitrate reduction, naphtol-AS-BI-
phosphohydrolase, oxidase
& trypsin (weak).
Can utilize
(API 50 CHB): amygdalin, N-acetyglucosamine, D-cellobiose (weak), esculin ferric citrate, D-fructose (weak), D-glucose,
gentibiose (weak), ribose & salicin.

Negative results for cystine arylamidase, alpha-chymotrypsin, alpha-fucosidase, alpha- and beta-galactosidase, beta-glucosidase,
beta-glucuronidase, gelatin hydrolysis, indole production, lipase (C14), alpha-mannosidase, urease, valine arylamidase,
acid
production from glucose
.
No utilization
(API 50 CHB) of: D-adonitol, D- and L-arabinose, D- and L-arabitol, arbutin, dulcitol, erythritol, D- and L-fucose, D-
galactose, glycerol,
glycogen, gluconate, 2- and 5-ketogluconate, inositol, inulin, D-lactose, D-lyxose,  D-maltose, D-mannitol, D-
melibiose,
D-melezitose, D-raffinose, L-rhamnose, D-sorbitol, L-sorbose, starch, D-sucrose, D-tagatose, D-trehalose, D-turanose,
xylitol,
D- and L-xylose.
Chitiniphilus shinanonensis
(c) Costin Stoica
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