Colonies on LB agar after 48 h incubation at 25 ºC are milky white, circular and slightly
convex with entire edges, 0.5-2.0 mm in diameter. Strictly aerobic. Growth occurs at
10-40 ºC (optimum 30-37 ºC), at pH 5.5-9.0 (optimum pH 7.5).
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Neisseriales, Family Chromobacteriaceae, Genus Chitinibacter,
Chitinibacter tainanensis Chern et al. 2004. Type species of the genus.
Gram-negative, straight to slightly curved rods with round ends, 0.5-0.9 x 1.3-2.6 μm.
Motile by one or or two polar flagella. Poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate accumulation is
Isolated from a soil sample collected from southern Taiwan.
- Chern L.L., Stackebrandt E., Lee S.F., Lee F.L., Chen J.K. and Fu H.M.: Chitinibacter tainanensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a chitin-
degrading aerobe from soil in Taiwan. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1387-1391.
- Sheu, S. Y., LI, Y. S., Young, C. C. and Chen, W. M. 2016. Chitinibacter fontanus sp. nov., isolated from a spring. Int. J. Syst. Evol.
Microbiol., 66, 4262-4268.
- Erko Stackebrandt, Elke Lang, Sylvie Cousin, Orsola Pauker, Evelyne Brambilla, Reiner Kroppenstedt and Heinrich Lunsdorf: :
Deefgea rivuli gen. nov., sp. nov., a member of the class Betaproteobacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 639-645.
- Euzeby (J.P.): List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a folder available on the Internet. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.,
1997, 47, 590-592. (List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. http://www.bacterio.net).
Most results are based on API, Vitek and Biolog GN2 tests.
Positive results for acid phosphatase, catalase, chitin hydrolysis, casein hydrolysis, cystine arylamidase, oxidase & valine
Can utilize: glucose, N-acetylglucosamine & gluconate.
Oxidize (Biolog GN2): malonic acid, N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, D-fructose, alpha-D-glucose, D-mannose, D-serine & D-gluconic acid.
Negative results for alkaline phosphatase, arginine dihydrolase, DN-ase, C8 esterase lipase, esculin hydrolysis, alpha-fucosidase,
gelatin hydrolysis, alpha- and beta-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase, alpha- and beta-glucosidase, alpha-mannosidase, indole
production, nitrate reduction, protease, starch hydrolysis, urease & acid production from glucose.
No utilization of: arabinose, D-mannose, D-mannitol, maltose, citrate, maltose, caprate, adipate, malate, phenyl acetate, myoinositol,
D-galactose, sucrose, trehalose, D-xylose, DL-lactate, sodium acetic acid, propionic acid, adipic acid, itaconic, acid, suberic acid,
sebacic acid, azelaic acid, heptanoic, acid, L-aspartic acid, L-alanine, L-histidine & L-proline.
No oxidation (Biolog GN2) of: dextrin, glycogen, Tween 40 and 80, maltose, pyruvic acid methyl ester, citric acid, alpha-ketobutyric
acid, succinic acid, L-alaninamide, D-alanine, L-alanine, L-alanyl-glycine, L-asparagine, L-aspartic acid, L-glutamic acid,
glycyl-L-aspartic acid, glycyl-L-glutamic acid, L-histidine, L-phenylalanine, L-serine & glycerol.
(c) Costin Stoica