Colonies on LB agar after 48 h incubation at 25 ºC are milky white, circular and slightly
convex with entire edges, 0.5-2.0 mm in diameter. Strictly aerobic. Growth occurs at
10-40 ºC (optimum 30-37 ºC), at pH 5.5-9.0 (optimum pH 7.5).
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Neisseriales, Family Chromobacteriaceae, Genus Chitinibacter,
Chitinibacter tainanensis Chern et al. 2004. Type species of the genus.
Gram-negative, straight to slightly curved rods with round ends, 0.5-0.9 x 1.3-2.6 μm.
Motile by one or or two polar flagella. Poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate accumulation is
observed.
Isolated from a soil sample collected from southern Taiwan.
Undetermined.
  1. Chern L.L., Stackebrandt E., Lee S.F., Lee F.L., Chen J.K. and Fu H.M.: Chitinibacter tainanensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a chitin-
    degrading aerobe from soil in Taiwan. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1387-1391.
  2. Sheu, S. Y., LI, Y. S., Young, C. C. and Chen, W. M. 2016. Chitinibacter fontanus sp. nov., isolated from a spring. Int. J. Syst. Evol.
    Microbiol., 66, 4262-4268.
  3. Erko Stackebrandt, Elke Lang, Sylvie Cousin, Orsola Pauker, Evelyne Brambilla, Reiner Kroppenstedt and Heinrich Lunsdorf: :
    Deefgea rivuli gen. nov., sp. nov., a member of the class Betaproteobacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 639-645.
  4. Yang H.C., Im W.T., An D.S., Park W., Kim I.S. and Lee S.T.: Silvimonas terrae gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel chitin-degrading
    facultative anaerobe belonging to the 'Betaproteobacteria'. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2329-2332.
  5. Euzeby (J.P.): List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a folder available on the Internet. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.,
    1997, 47, 590-592. (List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. http://www.bacterio.net).
Most results are based on API, Vitek and Biolog GN2 tests.

Positive results for acid phosphatase, catalase, chitin hydrolysis, casein hydrolysis, cystine arylamidase, oxidase & valine  
arylamidase.
Can utilize: glucose, N-acetylglucosamine & gluconate.
Oxidize (Biolog GN2): malonic acid, N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, D-fructose, alpha-D-glucose, D-mannose, D-serine & D-gluconic acid.

Negative results for alkaline phosphatase, arginine dihydrolase, DN-ase, C8 esterase lipase, esculin hydrolysis, alpha-fucosidase,
gelatin hydrolysis, alpha- and beta-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase, alpha- and beta-glucosidase, alpha-mannosidase, indole
production, nitrate reduction, nitrite reduction, protease, starch hydrolysis, urease & acid production from glucose.
No utilization of: arabinose, D-mannose, D-mannitol, maltose, citrate, maltose, caprate, adipate, malate, phenyl acetate, myoinositol,
D-galactose, sucrose, trehalose, D-xylose, DL-lactate, sodium acetic acid, propionic acid, adipic acid, itaconic, acid, suberic acid,
sebacic acid, azelaic acid, heptanoic, acid, L-aspartic acid, L-alanine, L-histidine & L-proline.
No oxidation (Biolog GN2) of: dextrin, glycogen, Tween 40 and 80, maltose, pyruvic acid methyl ester, citric acid, alpha-ketobutyric
acid, succinic acid, L-alaninamide, D-alanine, L-alanine, L-alanyl-glycine, L-asparagine, L-aspartic acid, L-glutamic acid,
glycyl-L-aspartic acid, glycyl-L-glutamic acid, L-histidine, L-phenylalanine, L-serine & glycerol.
Chitinibacter tainanensis
(c) Costin Stoica
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