Growth occurs at 09-37 ºC. Aerobic. No anaerobic growth using nitrate. Can grow in
the presence of 1% bile but not in 1% glycine or 3% NaCl. Cannot grow on EMB, TSI,
MacConkey and Sellers agars or in MRVP broth. Range of pH: 6.0-9.0. Water-soluble
yellow-green fluorescent pigment is not produced. No pigment is produced from
aromatic amino acids.
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Neisseriales, Family Chromobacteriaceae, Genus Aquaspirillum,
Aquaspirillum sinuosum (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Hylemon et al. 1973.
Moved to genus Giesbergeria as Giesbergeria sinuosa (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Grabovich et al. 2006
Old synonym: Spirillum sinuosum Williams and Rittenberg 1957.
Gram-negative, helical cells, 0.6-0.9 / 5.0-42.0 μm. Motile by flagella tufts at each pole.
Intracellular poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate is formed. Coccoid bodies are not formed.
Isolated from freshwater.
- Hylemon (P.B.), Wells Jr. (J.S.), Krieg (N.R.) and Jannasch (H.W.): The genus Spirillum: A taxonomic study. International Journal of
Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 340-380.
- Tone Tonjum, 2005. Order IV. Neisseriales ord. nov. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second edition, Vol two, part
C The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp 774-863.
- Euzeby (J.P.): List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a folder available on the Internet. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.,
1997, 47, 590-592. (List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. http://www.bacterio.net).
Positive results for catalase, DN-ase, gelatin liquefaction (in 7 days), H2S production from 2% cysteine in PSS broth after 7 days,
oxidase, phosphatase & urease. Can utilize malate, oxaloacetate & pyruvate.
Negative results for casein hydrolysis, RN-ase, esculin hydrolysis, hippurate hyrolysis, indole production, nitrate reduction, selenite
reduction, starch hydrolysis. Acid is not produced from sugars. Cannot utilize citrate, aconitate, isocitrate, alpha-ketoglutarate,
succinate, fumarate, lactate, malonate, tartrate, acetate, propionate, caproate, beta-hydroxybutyrate, p-hydroxybenzoate, ethanol,
n-propanol, n-butanol, glycerol, D-fructose, D-glucose, D-xylose, L-arabinose, L-histidine, L-tyrosine, L-phenylalanine, L-alanine,
L-glutamate, L-aspartate, L-glutamine, asparagine, L-proline, L-hydroxyproline, L-ornithine, L-citrulline, L-arginine, L-lysine,
putrescine, L-methionine, L-serine, L-cysteine, glycine, L-leucine, L-isoleucine, L-valine & L-tryptophan.
Variable utilization of butyrate.
(c) Costin Stoica