Colonies are ivory-coloured, round and convex with clear margins on R2A medium.
Growth occurs at 5-35 ºC (optimum, 28 ºC). Grows at pH 5.0-8.0 (optimum 6.0-7.0)
and with 0-2% NaCl. Strictly aerobic.
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Neisseriales, Family Chromobacteriaceae, Genus Andreprevotia,
Andreprevotia chitinilytica
Weon et al. 2007 - type species of the genus.
Gram-negative rods, 0.7-0.9 x 2.0-3.0 μm. Motile by subpolar, one or two flagella.
Isolated from forest soil from Halla Mountain, Jeju Island, Republic of Korea.
Resistant to nalidixic acid.
Undetermined.
  1. Weon H.Y., Kim B.Y., Yoo S.H., Joa J.H., Kwon S.W. and Kim W.G.: Andreprevotia chitinilytica gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from
    forest soil from Halla mountain, Jeju Island, Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1572-1575.
  2. Sheu S.Y., Chiu T.F., Chou J.H., Sheu D.S., Arun A.B., Young C.C., Chen C.A., Wang J.T. and Chen W.M.: Andreprevotia lacus sp.
    nov., isolated from a fish-culture pond. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2482-2485.
  3. Sato K., Kato Y., Taguchi G., Nogawa M., Yokota A. and Shimosaka M.: Chitiniphilus shinanonensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel
    chitin-degrading bacterium belonging to Betaproteobacteria. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2009, 55, 147-153.
  4. Euzeby (J.P.): List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a folder available on the Internet. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.,
    1997, 47, 590-592. (List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. http://www.bacterio.net).
Most results are based on  API 20NE, API ZYM and API ID 32GN test strips.

Positive results for acid and alkaline phosphatase, catalase, chitin hydrolysis, esterase (C4), gelatin hydrolysis, alpha-glucosidase, N-
acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, leucine arylamidase, naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase, oxidase, starch hydrolysis
, Tween 80
hydrolysis & acid production from glucose.
Can utilize: D-glucose, L-arabinose, D-mannitol, N-acetylglucosamine, D-maltose, potassium gluconate, L-rhamnose, D-ribose,
glycogen, 3-hydroxybutyric acid, D-mannose (weak), sodium acetate (weak) & L-proline (weak).

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, casein hydrolysis, cystine arylamidase, esculin hydrolysis, esterase lipase (C8), alpha-
fucosidase, alpha- and beta-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase, beta-glucosidase, indole production, lipase (C14), alpha-
mannosidase, nitrate reduction, pectin hydrolysis, phenylalanine deamination,  trypsin, alpha-chymotrypsin, urease, valine
arylamidase & Voges-Proskauer reaction.
No utilization of: capric acid, adipic acid, malic acid, trisodium citrate, phenylacetic acid, inositol, D-sucrose, itaconic acid, suberic
acid, sodium malonate, lactic acid, L-alanine, potassium 5-ketogluconate, 3-hydroxybenzoic acid, L-serine, salicin, D-melibiose, L-
fucose, D-sorbitol, propionic acid, valeric acid, L-histidine, potassium 2-ketogluconate & 4-hydroxybenzoic acid.
Andreprevotia chitinilytica
(c) Costin Stoica
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