Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Epsilonproteobacteria, Order Campylobacterales, Family Campylobacteraceae, Genus Sulfurospirillum,
Sulfurospirillum halorespirans Luijten et al. 2003.
Gram-negative, motile, slightly curved, rod-shaped cells, 2.5-4.0 x 0.6 μm.
Anaerobic, capable of microaerophilic growth. Optimum growth temperature 25-30 ºC.
Isolated from an anaerobic soil polluted with chlorinated aliphatic compounds.
- Maurice L. G. C. Luijten, Jasperien de Weert, Hauke Smidt, Henricus T. S. Boschker, Willem M. de Vos, Gosse Schraa, and Alfons
J. M. Stams. Description of Sulfurospirillum halorespirans sp. nov., an anaerobic, tetrachloroethene-respiring bacterium, and
transfer of Dehalospirillum multivorans to the genus Sulfurospirillum as Sulfurospirillum multivorans comb. nov. Int J Syst Evol
Microbiol May 2003 53:787-793.
Nitrate and nitrite are reduced to ammonium. Perchloroethylene is reduced to cis-
dichloroethene. Selenate is reduced, via selenite, to elemental selenium. Hydrogen,
formate, pyruvate and lactate serve as electron donors. Hydrogen and formate serve
as electron donors only when acetate is present as carbon source. Can grow
fermentatively on fumarate and pyruvate.
(c) Costin Stoica