Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Epsilonproteobacteria, Order Campylobacterales, Family Campylobacteraceae, Genus Arcobacter,
Arcobacter butzleri (Kiehlbauch et al. 1991) Vandamme et al. 1992.
Basonym: Campylobacter butzleri Kiehlbauch et al. 1991.
Gram-negative, curved cells, 0.2-0.4 x 1-3 μm. Rapid darting motility. Motile by means
of a single polar flagellum at one or both ends of the cell.
Colonies are whitish, 2-4 mm in diameter, convex with an entire edge after 48 hours
inbation. Strains will grow on charcoal-based and potato starch media, and on media
containing 0.05% sodium fluoride, 0.001% sodium arsenite, 0.02% safranin, 32 mg/l
carbenicillin, 64 mg/l cefoperazone, 2% NaCl and KMnO4. Grows on MacConkey agar.
No growth in media with 1% glycine.
Microaerophilic. Optimum growth temperature 25-30 ºC. Growth at 42 ºC is variable.
Isolated from human blood and diarrheic feces; from feces of various animals with diarrhea including nonhuman primates, pigs,
horses, cattle, an ostrich, and a tortoise; from bovine and porcine abortions; from various food products, from surface and drinking
water reservoirs and canal waters.
Uncertain. Associated with enteritis, abdominal cramps, bacteremia, and appendicitis in humans; enteritis and abortion in animals.
- Don J. Brenner and J.J. Farmer III, 2001. Family I. Campylobacteraceae. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second
edition,Vol 2, part C, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp 1145-1168.
- P. Vandamme, M. Vancanneyt, B. Pot, L. Mels, B. Hoste, D. Dewettinck, L. Vlaes, C. Van Den Borre, R. Higgins, J. Hommez, K.
Kersters, J.-P. Butzler, and H. Goossens. Polyphasic Taxonomic Study of the Emended Genus Arcobacter with Arcobacter butzleri
comb. nov. and Arcobacter skirrowii sp. nov., an Aerotolerant Bacterium Isolated from Veterinary Specimens. Int J Syst Bacteriol
July 1992 42:344-356.
Positive results for nitrate reduction, catalase (weak reaction, positive after 10 seconds of H2O2 contact), oxidase & indoxyl acetate
Negative results for urease, alkaline phosphatase, selenite reduction, hippurate hydrolysis, DN-ase & H2S production on TSI. No
(c) Costin Stoica