Arcobacter butzleri
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Epsilonproteobacteria, Order Campylobacterales, Family Campylobacteraceae, Genus Arcobacter,  
Arcobacter butzleri  (Kiehlbauch et al. 1991) Vandamme et al. 1992.
Basonym:
Campylobacter butzleri Kiehlbauch et al. 1991.
Gram-negative, curved cells, 0.2-0.4 x 1-3 μm. Rapid darting motility. Motile by means
of a single polar flagellum at one or both ends of the cell.  
Colonies are whitish, 2-4 mm in diameter, convex with an entire edge after 48 hours
inbation. Strains will grow on charcoal-based and potato starch media, and on media
containing  0.05% sodium fluoride, 0.001% sodium arsenite, 0.02% safranin, 32 mg/l
carbenicillin, 64 mg/l cefoperazone, 2% NaCl and KMnO
4. Grows on MacConkey agar.
No growth in media with 1% glycine.
Microaerophilic. Optimum growth temperature 25-30 ºC. Growth at 42 ºC is variable.
Isolated from human blood and diarrheic feces; from feces of various animals with diarrhea including nonhuman primates, pigs,
horses, cattle, an ostrich, and a tortoise; from bovine and porcine abortions; from various food products, from surface and drinking
water reservoirs and canal waters.
Uncertain. Associated with enteritis, abdominal cramps, bacteremia, and appendicitis in humans; enteritis and abortion in animals.
  1. Don J. Brenner and J.J. Farmer III, 2001. Family I. Campylobacteraceae. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second
    edition,Vol 2, part C, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp 1145-1168.
  2. P. Vandamme, M. Vancanneyt, B. Pot, L. Mels, B. Hoste, D. Dewettinck, L. Vlaes, C. Van Den Borre, R. Higgins, J. Hommez, K.
    Kersters, J.-P. Butzler, and H. Goossens. Polyphasic Taxonomic Study of the Emended Genus Arcobacter with Arcobacter butzleri
    comb. nov. and Arcobacter skirrowii sp. nov., an Aerotolerant Bacterium Isolated from Veterinary Specimens. Int J Syst Bacteriol
    July 1992 42:344-356.
Positive results for nitrate reduction, catalase (weak reaction, positive after 10 seconds of H2O2 contact), oxidase & indoxyl acetate
hydrolysis.
Negative results for urease, alkaline phosphatase, selenite reduction, hippurate hydrolysis, DN-ase
& H2S production on TSI. No
carbohydrates fermentation.
(c) Costin Stoica
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