Genus Burkholderia
Yabuuchi et al. 1993 emend. Gillis et al. 1995
Gram-negative straight rods. Nonsporeforming. Motile by one or more  
flagella (except  B. mallei). Most strains accumulate polyhydroxybutyrate.
Catalase is produced, oxidase is usually positive. Most species grow at
40°C. Species can grow with the following substrates as sole carbon
sources: glucose, glycerol, inositol, galactose, sorbitol, and mannitol.
(c) Costin Stoica
Culture media
Biochemical tests
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According to Dobritsa and
Samadpour 2016, eleven
species of the genus
Burkholderia were transfered to
the genus Paraburkholderia and
a new genus Caballeronia was
proposed to accommodate
twelve species of the genera
Burkholderia & Paraburkholderia

According to Dobritsa and
Samadpour 2016,

Paraburkholderia panaciterrae  
is a later synonym of P.

All members of the genus
Wautersia were moved to genus

Burkholderia cepacia complex
(Bcc) includes species
alpina, B. anthina, B. ambifaria,
B. arboris, B. cepacia, B.
cenocepacia, B. contaminans,
B. diffusa, B. dolosa, B. lata,
B. latens, B. metallica,
B. multivorans,
B. pseudomultivorans, B.
phenazinium, B. pyrrocinia, B.
puraquae, B. seminalis, B.
stabilis, B. stagnalis, B. teritorii
and B. vietnamiensis.
* marked species are not included
in ABIS biochemical database
ABIS online
Family Burkholderiaceae
Garrity et al. 2006
Genus Caballeronia
Coenye et al. 2005
Genus Chitinimonas
Chang et al. 2004
Chitinimonas koreensis
Chitinimonas lacunae
Chitinimonas naiadis
Chitinimonas prasina
Chitinimonas taiwanensis
Chitinimonas viridis
Genus Cupriavidus
Makkar and Casida 1987
Genus Formosimonas
Chen et al. 2017
Genus Hydromonas
Vaz et al. 2015
Cupriavidus alkaliphilus
Cupriavidus basilensis
Cupriavidus campinensis
Cupriavidus gilardii
Cupriavidus laharis
Cupriavidus metallidurans
Cupriavidus nantongensis
Cupriavidus necator
Cupriavidus numazuensis
Cupriavidus oxalaticus
Cupriavidus pampae
Cupriavidus pauculus
Cupriavidus pinatubonensis
Cupriavidus plantarum
Cupriavidus respiraculi
Cupriavidus taiwanensis
Cupriavidus yeoncheonensis
Formosimonas limnophila
Hydromonas duriensis
Genus Lautropia
Gerner-Smidt et al. 1995
Lautropia mirabilis
Genus Limnobacter
Spring et al. 2001
Limnobacter humi
Limnobacter litoralis
Limnobacter thiooxidans
Ohshima et al. 2016
Mycoavidus cysteinexigens
Genus Pandoraea
Coenye et al. 2000
Genus Paraburkholderia
Sawana et al. 2015
Paraburkholderia acidipaludis
Paraburkholderia andropogonis
Paraburkholderia aromaticivorans * (requires update)
Paraburkholderia aspalathi
Paraburkholderia azotifigens
Paraburkholderia bannensis
Paraburkholderia bryophila
Paraburkholderia caballeronis *
Paraburkholderia caffeinilytica
Paraburkholderia caledonica
Paraburkholderia caribensis
Paraburkholderia caryophylli
Paraburkholderia caseinilytica *
Paraburkholderia denitrificans *
Paraburkholderia diazotrophica
Paraburkholderia dilworthii
Paraburkholderia dipogonis
Paraburkholderia eburnea
Paraburkholderia endofungorum
Paraburkholderia ferrariae
Paraburkholderia fungorum
Paraburkholderia ginsengisoli
Paraburkholderia ginsengiterrae * (requires update)
Paraburkholderia graminis
Paraburkholderia heleia
Paraburkholderia hiiakae
Paraburkholderia hospita
Paraburkholderia humisilvae
Paraburkholderia insulsa
Paraburkholderia jirisanensis
Paraburkholderia kirstenboschensis *
Paraburkholderia kururiensis
Paraburkholderia megapolitana
Paraburkholderia metalliresistens
Paraburkholderia metrosideri
Paraburkholderia mimosarum
Paraburkholderia monticola
Paraburkholderia nodosa
Paraburkholderia oxyphila
Paraburkholderia pallidirosea
Paraburkholderia paradisi
Paraburkholderia peleae
Paraburkholderia phenazinium (B. cepacia similarity)
Paraburkholderia phenoliruptrix (requires update)
Paraburkholderia phymatum (requires update)
Paraburkholderia phytofirmans
Paraburkholderia piptadeniae
Paraburkholderia rhizosphaerae
Paraburkholderia rhizoxinica
Paraburkholderia rhynchosiae
Paraburkholderia ribeironis
Paraburkholderia sabiae
Paraburkholderia sacchari
Paraburkholderia sartisoli
Paraburkholderia sediminicola
Paraburkholderia silvatlantica
Paraburkholderia soli
Paraburkholderia solisilvae
Paraburkholderia sprentiae
Paraburkholderia susongensis
Paraburkholderia symbiotica
Paraburkholderia terrae
Paraburkholderia terricola
Paraburkholderia tropica
Paraburkholderia tuberum (requires update)
Paraburkholderia unamae
Paraburkholderia xenovorans
Genus was created by dividing Burkholderia into two genera:
Paraburkholderia to accomodate environmental species and
Burkholderia containing the pathogenic organisms.
Genus Paucimonas
Jendrossek 2001
Genus Polynucleobacter
Heckmann and Schmidt 1987
Polynucleobacter acidiphobus
Polynucleobacter aenigmaticus
Polynucleobacter asymbioticus
Polynucleobacter campilacus
Polynucleobacter cosmopolitanus
Polynucleobacter difficilis
Polynucleobacter duraquae
Polynucleobacter hirudinilacicola
Polynucleobacter meluiroseus
Polynucleobacter necessarius subsp. asymbioticus
Polynucleobacter necessarius subsp. necessarius
Polynucleobacter rarus
Polynucleobacter sinensis
Polynucleobacter sphagniphilus
Polynucleobacter victoriensis
Polynucleobacter wuianus
Polynucleobacter yangtzensis
Genus Ralstonia
Yabuuchi et al. 1996
Genus Thermothrix
Caldwell et al. 1981