Bacillus wakoensis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Bacillaceae, Genus Bacillus, Bacillus wakoensis Nogi, Takami and
Horikoshi 2005. Description is based upon a single isolate.
Gram-positive, motile (peritrichous flagella)  rods, 0.5-0.8/1.5-2.0 µm, producing
terminal, ellipsoidal endospores in  swollen sporangia.
Colonies are yellowish.   Aerobic growth. Alkaliphilic, pH range 8-10 (optimum 9).
Growth temperature 10-40 ºC (optmum 37 ºC). Halotolerant, grow in 0-10% NaCl.
Utilized in biotechnology for cellulase production.
Undetermined.
  1. Nogi Y., Takami H. and Horikoshi K., 2005. Characterization of alkaliphilic Bacillus strains used in industry: proposal of five novel
    species. IJSEM 55, 2309-2315.
Positive results for catalase, nitrate reduction, hydrolysis of starch, hydrolysis of
cellulose, acid production from: arbutin, cellobiose, D-fructose, D-glucose, maltose,
D-mannitol, D-mannose, salicin, sorbitol, sucrose, trehalose & D-xylose.

Negative results for hydrolysis of gelatin, oxidase, indole production, H
2S production,
hydrolysis of casein, hydrolysis of Tween 20, 40 & 60.
(c) Costin Stoica
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