Paenibacillus turicensis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characterisics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus turicensis  
Bosshard, Zbinden and Altwegg, 2002.
Description is based on a single isolate.
Gram-positive, motile rods, 0.5-1.0 x 1.5-3.0 µm. Spore is oval, located terminally /
subterminally, swelling the sporangium.
Colonies are non-haemolytic, greyish-white with a convex elevation. Aerobic and
anaerobic growth. Growth temperature 15-48 ºC, optimum 37-42 ºC. Can grow in 2%
and 5% NaCl, but not in 7% NaCl media. Grows at pH 5.5-9.5, optimum pH 7.
The strain was isolated from the valve of a cerebrospinal fluid shunt of a 48-year-old man with hydrocephalus that he developed
after an accident. Resistant to lysozyme 0.1 and 0.001%.
The strain was isolated from the valve of a cerebrospinal fluid shunt of a 48-year-old man with hydrocephalus that he developed after
an accident; a second control sample was sterile. It is assumed that this novel isolate was probably a contaminant in the specimen
and does not have clinical significance.
  1. Bosshard, P., Zbinden, R. and Altwegg, M ., 2002. Paenibacillus turicensis sp. nov., a novel bacterium harbouring heterogeneities
    between 16S rRNA genes. IJSEM 52, 2241-2249.
  2. Priest F.G., 2009. Genus I. Paenibacillus Ash, Priest and Collins 1994. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W.
    Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes,
    Springer, 269-295.
Positive results for beta-galactosidase, hydrolysis of esculin, hydrolysis of starch,
Voges-Proskauer, acid production from: N-acetylglucosamine, amygdalin, L-arabinose,
arbutin, cellobiose, fructose, galactose, beta-gentiobiose, D-glucose, glycogen, 5-ketogluconate (weak), lactose, maltose, mannose,
melibiose, raffinose, ribose, salicin, starch, sucrose, D-xylose & methyl-beta-D-xyloside.

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, catalase, citrate utilization, H
2S production, hydrolysis of gelatin, hydrolysis of urea, indole
production, lysine decarboxylase, nitrate reduction, ornithine decarboxylase, oxidase, tryptophan deaminase, acid production from:
adonitol, D-arabinose, arabitol, dulcitol, erythritol, D- or L-fucose, gluconate, glycerol, methyl-alpha-D-glucoside, 2-ketogluconate,
D-mannitol, methyl-alpha-D-mannoside, inositol, inulin, rhamnose, sorbitol, sorbose, tagatose, trehalose, turanose, xylitol & L-xylose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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