Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus turicensis
Bosshard, Zbinden and Altwegg, 2002.
Description is based on a single isolate.
Gram-positive, motile rods, 0.5-1.0 x 1.5-3.0 µm. Spore is oval, located terminally /
subterminally, swelling the sporangium.
Colonies are non-haemolytic, greyish-white with a convex elevation. Aerobic and
anaerobic growth. Growth temperature 15-48 ºC, optimum 37-42 ºC. Can grow in 2%
and 5% NaCl, but not in 7% NaCl media. Grows at pH 5.5-9.5, optimum pH 7.
The strain was isolated from the valve of a cerebrospinal fluid shunt of a 48-year-old man with hydrocephalus that he developed
after an accident. Resistant to lysozyme 0.1 and 0.001%.
The strain was isolated from the valve of a cerebrospinal fluid shunt of a 48-year-old man with hydrocephalus that he developed after
an accident; a second control sample was sterile. It is assumed that this novel isolate was probably a contaminant in the specimen
and does not have clinical significance.
- Bosshard, P., Zbinden, R. and Altwegg, M ., 2002. Paenibacillus turicensis sp. nov., a novel bacterium harbouring heterogeneities
between 16S rRNA genes. IJSEM 52, 2241-2249.
- Priest F.G., 2009. Genus I. Paenibacillus Ash, Priest and Collins 1994. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W.
Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes,
Positive results for beta-galactosidase, hydrolysis of esculin, hydrolysis of starch,
Voges-Proskauer, acid production from: N-acetylglucosamine, amygdalin, L-arabinose,
arbutin, cellobiose, fructose, galactose, beta-gentiobiose, D-glucose, glycogen, 5-ketogluconate (weak), lactose, maltose, mannose,
melibiose, raffinose, ribose, salicin, starch, sucrose, D-xylose & methyl-beta-D-xyloside.
Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, catalase, citrate utilization, H2S production, hydrolysis of gelatin, hydrolysis of urea, indole
production, lysine decarboxylase, nitrate reduction, ornithine decarboxylase, oxidase, tryptophan deaminase, acid production from:
adonitol, D-arabinose, arabitol, dulcitol, erythritol, D- or L-fucose, gluconate, glycerol, methyl-alpha-D-glucoside, 2-ketogluconate,
D-mannitol, methyl-alpha-D-mannoside, inositol, inulin, rhamnose, sorbitol, sorbose, tagatose, trehalose, turanose, xylitol & L-xylose.
(c) Costin Stoica