Paenibacillus sanguinis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characterisics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus sanguinis Roux and
Raoult 2004.
Description is based on a single isolate.
Gram-positive, motile (peritrichous flagella) rods, 0.5 x 2.0-3.0 μm. Produce
ellipsoidal spore in swollen sporangium.
Grows on routine media. Colonies are greysh, shiny, translucent and 1 mm in
diameter after 24 hours at 30 ºC. Nonhemolytic. Aerobic and anaerobic growth.
Optimum growth temperature 30-37 ºC. Can grow at 44 ºC, but not at 50 ºC. Grow in
2%, but not in 5 or 7% NaCl.
The type strain was isolated from human blood culture sample.
Sensitive to amoxicillin, gentamicin, doxycycline, erythromycin, trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole, rifampicine & vancomycin.
The type strain was isolated from blood culture sample of an afebrile 52-year-old man  suffering from epidermoid carcinoma of the
oropharynx.
  1. Roux V. and Raoult D., 2004. Paenibacillus massiliensis sp. nov., Paenibacillus sanguinis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus timonensis
    sp. nov., isolated from blood cultures. IJSEM 54, 1049-1054.
  2. Priest F.G., 2009. Genus I.  Paenibacillus  Ash, Priest and Collins 1994. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W.
    Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes,
    Springer, 269-295.
Positive results for acid production from: N-acetylglucosamine, aesculin, amygdalin,
L-arabinose, arbutin, cellobiose, fructose, galactose, inositol, inulin, lactose, maltose,
D-mannitol, melezitose, melibiose, raffinose, salicin, sucrose, trehalose, D-xylose & methyl-beta-D-xyloside.

Negative results for catalase, citrate utilization, indole production, oxidase, nitrate reduction, hydrolysis of urea, hydrolysis of gelatin,
Voges-Proskauer test, acid production from: adonitol, D-arabinose, arabitol, dulcitol, erythritol, D- or L-fucose, beta-gentiobiose,  
gluconate, D-glucose, glycerol, glycogen, 2- or 5-ketogluconate, lyxose, mannose, methyl-alpha-D-mannoside, rhamnose, ribose,  
sorbitol, sorbose, starch, tagatose, turanose, xylitol& L-xylose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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