Paenibacillus residui
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characterisics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus residui  Vaz-Moreira,
Figueira, Lopes, Pukall, Sproer, Schumann, Nunes and Manaia  2010.
Gram-variable, motile (polar flagella) rods, 0.5 x 1.4-1.6 µm.  Spore is oval, centrally
positioned, swelling the sporangium.
Colonies on PCA (Plate Count Agar) after 2 days of incubation are translucent, irregular.
Aerobic growth; not anaerobic. Growth temperature 25-50 ºC, optimum 37 ºC. Can grow
in 2%, but not in 5% NaCl media. Grow at pH 7-9.
Isolated from municipal urban waste compost.
Resistant to cephalothin, ceftazidime, colistin sulphate and streptomycin. Susceptible to meropenem, amoxicillin, gentamicin,  
ciprofloxacin, sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim, tetracycline, ticarcillin and sulfamethoxazole.
Undetermined.
  1. Vaz-Moreira, I., Figueira,V., Lopes, A.R., Pukall,R., Sproer, C., Schumann,P., Nunes O.C. and Manaia C.M., 2010. Paenibacillus
    residui sp. nov., isolated from urban waste compost. IJSEM 60, 2415-2419.
Positive results for catalase, hydrolysis of esculin, beta-galactosidase, oxidase, acid
production from: amygdalin, cellobiose, dulcitol, D-fructose, beta-gentiobiose, glycerol,
maltose, ribose, salicin & trehalose.

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, citrate utilization, H
2S production, hydrolysis of casein, hydrolysis of gelatin, hydrolysis of
starch, hydrolysis of Tween 80, indole production, lysine decarboxylase, nitrate reduction, ornithine decarboxylase, Voges-Proskauer,
acid production from: N-acetylglucosamine, D- or L-arabinose, erythritol, D- or L-fucose, galactose, gluconate, glycogen, inositol,
inulin, 2- or 5-ketogluconate, D-lyxose, D-mannose, melezitose, melibiose, raffinose, rhamnose, sorbose, starch, sucrose, xylitol &
L-xylose.

Variable results for hydrolysis of urea, acid production from: adonitol, D- or L-arabitol, arbutin, lactose, D-glucose, D-mannitol,  
sorbitol, tagatose, turanose & D-xylose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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