Paenibacillus provencensis
Taxonomy
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Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus provencensis  Roux,
Fenner and Raoult 2008.
Description is based on a single isolate.
Gram-negative, motile by peritrichous flagella, straight  rods, 0.8-1.1 x 1.9-4.2 μm.  
Spore is swelling the sporangium.
Colonies are greyish, smooth, shiny and up to 5 mm in diameter after 24 hours on
sheep-blood agar. Aerobic, but no anaerobic growth. Optimum growth temperature
30-37 ºC. Can grow in 5% NaCl.
Isolated from a human clinical sample. Sensitive to amoxicillin, gentamicin, trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole, rifampicine,
vancomycin, ofloxacin, fusidic acid, teicoplanin, pristinamycin. Resistant to oxacilin, fosfomycin, clindamycin.
Isolated from a human cerebrospinal fluid sample.
  1. Roux V., Fenner L.  and Raoult D., 2008. Paenibacillus provencensis sp. nov., isolated from human cerebrospinal fluid, and
    Paenibacillus urinalis sp. nov., isolated from human urine. IJSEM 58, 682-687.
Positive results for catalase, hydrolysis of esculin, beta-galactosidase, acid production
from: N-acetylglucosamine, aesculin, L-arabinose (weak), amygdalin, arbutin (weak),
cellobiose, fructose, galactose, beta-gentiobiose (weak), gluconate (weak), D-glucose,
lactose, maltose, D-mannitol, mannose, melibiose, raffinose, ribose (weak), salicin, starch, sucrose (weak) & D-xylose.

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, hydrolysis of gelatin, hydrolysis of urea, indole production, nitrate reduction, oxidase,
Voges-Proskauer, acid production from: adonitol, D-arabinose, arabitol, dulcitol, erythritol, D- or L-fucose, glycerol, glycogen, inositol,
inulin,  2- or 5-ketogluconate, lyxose, melezitose, rhamnose, sorbitol, sorbose, tagatose, trehalose, turanose, xylitol  & L-xylose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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