Paenibacillus phyllosphaerae
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characterisics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus  phyllosphaerae
Rivas, Mateos, Martinez-Molina and Velazquez 2005.
Gram-variable, motile (peritrichous flagella) rods, 0.9-1.6 x 3.3-4.2 μm. Produce
ellipsoidal, terminal spore in swollen sporangium.
Colonies are flat, opaque, whitish-cream on yeast extract-glucose medium, 1-3 mm
in diameter after 2 days at 28 ºC. Chemo-organotrophic. Aerobic and anaerobic
growth. Growth temperature 10 to 37 ºC, optimum 28 ºC. No growth in 5 or 7% NaCl.
Optimum pH 7.
Isolated from the phyllosphere of Phoenix dactylifera (date palm) in Palma de Mallorca, Spain.
Undetermined.
  1. Rivas R., Mateos P., Martinez-Molina E. and Velazquez E., 2005. Paenibacillus phyllosphaerae sp. nov., a xylanolytic bacterium
    isolated from the phyllosphere of Phoenix dactylifera.IJSEM 55, 743-746.
  2. Priest F.G., 2009. Genus I. Paenibacillus Ash, Priest and Collins 1994. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W.
    Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes,
    Springer, 269-295.
Xylanolytic bacterium (xylanase producer).
Positive results for amylase, catalase, cellulase, hydrolysis of carboxymethyl cellulose,  
beta-galactosidase, nitrate reduction, oxidase, acid production from: L-arabinose, D-
glucose, glycerol, D-mannitol & D-xylose.

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, citrate utilization, deamination of phenylalanine, hydrolysis of casein, hydrolysis of urea,  
H
2S production, indole production, lysine decarboxylase, ornithine decarboxylase & Voges-Proskauer test.
(c) Costin Stoica
Antibiogram
Encyclopedia
Culture media
Biochemical tests
Stainings
Images
Movies
Articles
Identification
Software
R E G N U M
PROKARYOTAE
Previous page
Back