Paenibacillus peoriae
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus peoriae
(Montefusco, Nakamura and Labeda 1993)  Heyndrickx, Vandemeulebroecke, Scheldeman, Kersters, De Vos, Logan, Aziz, Ali and
Berkeley 1996.
Synonym:
Bacillus peoriae Montefusco, Nakamura and Labeda 1993.
Gram-positive, motile rods, 0.5-1.0/3.0-6.0 µm, occurring singly and in pairs and
chains. Produce subterminal, ellipsoidal spores in swollen sporangium.
Colonies are thin, smooth, translucent, circular to irregular, 1-2 mm in diameter after
2-3 days on nutrient agar at 30 ºC. Aerobic and anaerobic growth. Can grow at 5-10 to
35-45 ºC, optimally at 28-30 ºC. Grow in 2% NaCl media, but not in 5 or 7% NaCl.
Isolated mainly from soil and rotting vegetation. Growth in 0.001% lysozyme is variable.
Undetermined.
  1. Heyndrickx M., Vandemeulebroecke K., Scheldeman P., Kersters K., De Vos P., Logan N.A., Aziz A.M., Ali N. and Berkeley R.C.W.,
    1996. A Polyphasic Reassessment of the Genus Paenibacillus, Reclassification of Bacillus lautus (Nakamura 1984) as
    Paenibacillus lautus comb. nov. and of Bacillus peoriae (Montefusco et al. 1993) as Paenibacillus peoriae comb. nov., and
    Emended Descriptions of P. lautus and of P. peoriae. IJSB 46, 4, 988-1003.
  2. Montefusco A., Nakamura L.K. and Labeda D.P., 1993. Bacillus peoriae sp. nov. IJSB 43, 2, 388-390.
  3. Priest F.G., 2009. Genus I. Paenibacillus Ash, Priest and Collins 1994. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W.
    Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes,
    Springer, 269-295.
Positive results for catalase, ONPG hydrolysis, hydrolysis of casein, hydrolysis of
esculin, hydrolysis of gelatin, hydrolysis of pectin, hydrolysis of starch, nitrogen fixation,
Voges-Proskauer, acid production from: amygdalin, L-arabinose (gas +), arbutin,
D-cellobiose, D-fructose, galactose, gentiobiose, D-glucose (gas +), glycogen, D-mannitol (gas +), lactose, D-mannose,
methyl-D-mannoside, maltose, D-melibiose, D-raffinose, ribose, salicin, starch, sucrose, D-xylose (gas +) & methylxyloside.

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, lysine decarboxylase, ornithine decarboxylase, oxidase, hydrolysis of urea, hydrolysis of
Tween 80, citrate utilization, deamination of phenylalanine, dihydroxyacetone, H
2S production, indole production, degradation of
tyrosine, acid production from: adonitol, D-arabinose, D- or L-arabitol, dulcitol, erythritol, D- or L-fucose, 2- or 5-keto-D-gluconate,
methyl-D-glucoside, meso-inositol, inulin, D-lyxose, D-melezitose, sorbitol, L-sorbose, tagatose, trehalose, xylitol & L-xylose.

Variable results for nitrate reduction, acid production from: N-acetylglucosamine, gluconate, glycerol, rhamnose & D-turanose.
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