Paenibacillus naphthalenovorans
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characterisics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus naphthalenovorans
Daane, Harjono, Barns, Launen, Palleroni and Haggblom, 2002.
Gram-positive, motile (peritrichous flagella)   rods,  0.8 x 2.8-4.0 µm. Produce an
ellipsoidal spore in swollen sporangium.
Colonies are mucoid, white and translucent. Grow aerobically but not anaerobically.
Optimum growth temperature 30-37 ºC. No growth at 10 or 55 ºC. Can grow in 2%, but
not in 5% NaCl.
The type strain was isolated from estuarine sediments and rhizosphere of salt marsh plants (Distichlis spicata, Juncus gerardi,
Spartina alterniflora and Sporobolus airoides
).
Is polyaromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-degrading bacteria (naphthalene-degrading bacteria).
Undetermined.
  1. Daane L.L., Harjono I., Barns S.M., Launen L.A., Palleroni N.J. and Haggblom M.M., 2002. PAH-degradation by Paenibacillus spp.
    and description of Paenibacillus naphthalenovorans sp. nov., a naphthalene-degrading bacterium from the rhizosphere of salt
    marsh plants. IJSEM 52, 131-139.
  2. Priest F.G., 2009. Genus I.  Paenibacillus  Ash, Priest and Collins 1994. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W.
    Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes,
    Springer, 269-295.
Positive results for catalase, hydrolysis of urea, Voges-Proskauer, acid production from:
galactose, D-glucose, maltose, D-mannitol, mannose, sucrose & trehalose.

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, hydrolysis of agar, hydrolysis of casein,
hydrolysis of gelatin, lysine decarboxylase, ornithine decarboxylase, H
2S production, indole production,  tryptophan deaminase,
ONPG, acid production from: N-acetylglucosamine, adonitol, amygdalin, L- or D-arabinose, arabitol, arbutin, cellobiose, dulcitol,
erythritol, D- or L-fucose, beta-gentiobiose, gluconate, glycerol, glycogen, inositol, inulin, 2- or 5-ketogluconate, lactose, lyxose,
methyl-alpha-D-mannoside, melezitose, raffinose,  rhamnose, ribose, salicin, sorbitol, starch, tagatose, D - or L-xylose &
methyl-beta-D-xyloside.

Variable results for citrate utilization, nitrate reduction, acid production from: fructose, melibiose, methyl-alpha-D-glucoside, sorbose,  
turanose & xylitol.
(c) Costin Stoica
Antibiogram
Encyclopedia
Culture media
Biochemical tests
Stainings
Images
Movies
Articles
Identification
Software
R E G N U M
PROKARYOTAE
Previous page
Back