Paenibacillus kribbensis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus kribbensis Yoon,
Oh, Yoon, Kang and Park 2003.
Description is based on a single isolate.
Gram-variable rods, 1.3-1.8 x 4.0-7.0 μm. Motile by peritrichous flagella. Produce   
ellipsoidal spores in swollen sporangium.
Colonies are cream, circular to slightly irregular, flat to low convex and translucent on
TSA. Aerobic and anaerobic growth. Can grow at 10-44 ºC, optimally at 30-37 ºC.
Grow in 0-4% NaCl but not in 5 or 7% NaCl media. Optimum pH 6.5-8.0.
Isolated from a soil sample from Taejon City, Korea. Is bioflocculant for efficient harvesting of algal cells.
Undetermined.
  1. Yoon J.-H., Oh H.-M., Yoon B.-D., Kang K. H. and Park Y.-H., 2003. Paenibacillus kribbensis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus terrae sp.
    nov., bioflocculants for efficient harvesting of algal cells.
  2. Priest F.G., 2009. Genus I. Paenibacillus Ash, Priest and Collins 1994. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W.
    Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes,
    Springer, 269-295.
Positive results for catalase, citrate utilization (weak), nitrate reduction, hydrolysis of
casein, hydrolysis of esculin, hydrolysis of gelatin, hydrolysis of starch, hydrolysis of
Tween 80, acid production from: N-acetylglucosamine (weak), aesculin, amygdalin, L-arabinose, arbutin, cellobiose, fructose,
galactose, beta-gentiobiose, gluconate (weak), D-glucose, glycerol (weak), glycogen, inositol, inulin, lactose, maltose, D-mannitol,
mannose, melibiose, raffinose, ribose, salicin, starch, sucrose, trehalose, D-xylose & methyl-beta-D-xyloside.

Negative results for hydrolysis of urea, oxidase, degradation of tyrosine, acid production from: adonitol, D-arabinose, arabitol, dulcitol,
erythritol, D- or L-fucose, 2- or 5-ketogluconate, lyxose, methyl-alpha-D-mannoside (weak), melezitose, rhamnose, sorbitol, sorbose,  
tagatose, turanose, xylitol & L-xylose .
(c) Costin Stoica
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2-ketogluconate
fermentation
5-ketogluconate
fermentation
Gluconate
fermentation
Turanose,
fermentation
methyl-alpha-
D-mannoside
Paenibacillus kribbensis
+
+
-
+
+
Paenibacillus terrae
-
-
w
-
w
Differential characters of Paenibacillus kribbensis and Paenibacillus terrae.
Legend: + positive 90-100%, - negative 90-100%, w weak reaction