Paenibacillus jamilae
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus jamilae  Aguilera,
Monteoliva-Sanchez, Suarez, Guerra, Lizama, Bennasar and Ramos-Cormenzana 2001.
Gram-variable, motile (peritrichous flagella) rods, 0.5-1.2 x 4.5-6.5 μm. Produce  
ellipsoidal spores in swollen sporangia.
Colonies are convex, mucoid and opaque; forms motile microcolonies on wet agar
plates. Aerobic and anaerobic growth. Optimum growth temperature 37 ºC. Can grow
at 40 ºC, but not at 50 ºC. Grow at 2% NaCl but not at 5% or 7% NaCl media. Grow at
pH 5-12, optimum pH 7.
Grow optimally in 100% (v/v) olive-mill wastewater at 30 ºC and pH 7.0 and produce
an interesting exopolysaccharide.
Isolated from corn-compost treated with olive mill waste water. Resistant to lysozyme 0.001%.
Undetermined.
  1. Priest F.G., 2009. Genus I. Paenibacillus Ash, Priest and Collins 1994. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W.
    Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes,
    Springer, 269-295.
  2. Aguilera M., Monteoliva-Sanchez M., Suarez A., Guerra V., Lizama C., Bennasar A. and Ramos-Cormenzana A.,  2001. Paenibacillus
    jamilae sp. nov., an exopolysaccharide-producing bacterium able to grow in olive-mill wastewater. IJSEM 51, 1687-1692.
Positive results for catalase, hydrolysis of esculin, nitrate reduction, hydrolysis of casein, hydrolysis of gelatin, hydrolysis of starch,  
Voges-Proskauer, acid production from: amygdalin, aesculin, L-arabinose, arbutin, cellobiose, fructose, galactose, D-glucose,  
glycerol, glycogen, lactose, maltose, D-mannitol, mannose, melibiose, raffinose, ribose, salicin, sucrose, trehalose, turanose &
D-xylose.

Negative results for oxidase & citrate utilization.
(c) Costin Stoica
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