Paenibacillus graminis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus graminis  Berge,
Guinebretiere, Achouak, Normand and Heulin, 2002.
Gram-positive, motile rods, 0.5-1.0 x 3.0-4.0 μm, occuring singly or in short chains.
Produce terminal, ellipsoidal spores in swollen sporangia.
Colonies are cream, smooth on nutrient agar and 1-2 mm in diameter after 3 days at
30 ºC on TSA; mucous on media containing 2% glucose or sucrose. Aerobic and
anaerobic growth. Optimum growth temperature 37 ºC; range 5-10 to 35-40 ºC.
Isolated from maize rhizosphere, wheat roots and soil.
Undetermined.
  1. Priest F.G., 2009. Genus I.  Paenibacillus  Ash, Priest and Collins 1994. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W.
    Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes,
    Springer, 269-295.
  2. Berge O., Guinebretiere M.-H., Achouak W., Normand P. and Heulin T., 2002. Paenibacillus graminis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus
    odorifer sp. nov., isolated from plant roots, soil and food. IJSEM 52, 607-616.
Positive results for catalase, hydrolysis of esculin, hydrolysis of starch, hydrolysis of
urea, nitrate reduction, acid production from: N-acetylglucosamine, amygdalin,
L-arabinose, arbutin, cellobiose, fructose, galactose, beta-gentiobiose, D-glucose,
glycerol, glycogen, lactose, maltose, D-mannitol, mannose, melezitose, melibiose,
methyl-beta-D-xyloside, raffinose, salicin, starch, sucrose, trehalose, turanose & D-xylose.

Negative results for oxidase, indole production, acids production from: adonitol, D-arabinose, L- or D-arabitol, dulcitol, erythritol,
L-fucose, inositol, inulin, 2 or 5 ketogluconate, lyxose, rhamnose, ribose, sorbitol, sorbose, tagatose, xylitol & L-xylose.

Variable results for D-fucose & gluconate acidification.
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