Paenibacillus  glucanolyticus
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus  glucanolyticus
(
Alexander and Priest 1989) Shida, Takagi, Kadowaki, Nakamura and Komagata 1997.
Basonym:
Bacillus glucanolyticus  Alexander and Priest 1989.
Gram-positive rods, 0.9 x 3.0 μm. Motile. Produce terminal, ellipsoidal spores in
swollen sporangia.
Colonies are flat, opaque and smooth on nutrient agar. Aerobic & anaerobic growth.
Optimum temperature 30 ºC; range 17-37 ºC, variable growth at 50 ºC. Grow in 2%
and 5% NaCl media but not in 10% NaCl. Grow at pH 5.7.
Isolated from soil. Resistant to 0.001% lysozyme.
Undetermined.
  1. Priest F.G., 2009. Genus I. Paenibacillus Ash, Priest and Collins 1994. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W.
    Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes,
    Springer, 269-295.
  2. Shida O., Takagi T., Kadowaki K., Nakamura L. K. and Komagata K., 1997. Transfer of Bacillus alginolyticus, Bacillus
    chondroitinus, Bacillus curdlanolyticus, Bacillus glucanolyticus, Bacillus kobensis, and Bacillus thiaminolyticus to the Genus
    Paenibacillus and Emended Description of the Genus Paenibacillus. IJSB 47, 289-298.
  3. Alexander B. and Priest F.G., 1989. Bacillus glucanolyticus, a New Species That Degrades a Variety of beta-Glucans. IJSB 39, 112-
    115.
Positive results for catalase, oxidase, DN-ase, hydrolysis of carboxymethyl cellulose,
hydrolysis of curdlan (alpha beta-1,3-glucan), hydrolysis of esculin, hydrolysis of
beta-1,2-glucan, hydrolysis of starch, nitrate reduction, acid production from: cellobiose,
D-fructose, D-galactose, D-glucose, lactose, maltose, mannose, raffinose, salicin,
sucrose, trehalose & D-xylose.

Negative results for degradation of tyrosine, indole production, hydrolysis of chitin, hydrolysis of urea, hydrolysis of pectin,
Voges-Proskauer, acid production from: dulcitol, erythritol & sorbitol.

Variable results for citrate utilization, hydrolysis of casein, hydrolysis of gelatin, acid production from: L-arabinose, glycerol &
D-mannitol.  
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