Paenibacillus elgii
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus elgii  Kim, Bae,
Jeon, Chun, Oh, Hong, Baek, Moon and Bae, 2004.
Gram-variable, motile (peritrichous flagella) rods, 0.8–1.0 x 3.0–5.0 μm. Produce
ellipsoidal spores in swollen sporangia. Mature spores have stripes on the surface.
Colonies are opaque, white, flat and smooth on nutrient agar. Aerobic & anaerobic
growth. Growth temperature 20-45 ºC, no growth at 50 ºC. Grow in 2% but not in 5%
NaCl media. Grow at pH 6.0-8.5; optimum pH 7.0.
Isolated from roots of Perilla frutescens in Seocheon County, Korea.
Can inhibit the growth of various fungi such as
Botrytis cinerea, Chaetomium globosum, Cladosporium resinae, Colletotrichum
gloeosporioides, Corynespora cassicola, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici, Magnaporthe grisea, Phytophthora infestans, Pythium
aphanidermatum, R. solani
AG 1-1, R. solani AG 2-2, R. solani AG 4, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Sclerotinia homoeocarpa and
Trichoderma viride
, when extensively tested for their antimicrobial activity.
Can inhibit the growth of various bacteria including
Bacillus subtilis, Burkholderia glumae, Escherichia coli, Paenibacillus polymyxa,
Pseudomonas fluorescens, Xanthomonas oryzae and Xanthomonas vesicatoria
, when extensively tested for their antimicrobial activity.
Undetermined.
  1. Priest F.G., 2009. Genus I.  Paenibacillus  Ash, Priest and Collins 1994. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W.
    Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes,
    Springer, 269-295.
  2. Kim D.S., Bae C.Y., Jeon J.J., Chun S.J., Oh H.W., Hong S.G., Baek K.S., Moon E.Y., and Bae K.S., 2004. Paenibacillus elgii sp. nov.,
    with broad antimicrobial activity. IJSEM 54, 2031-2035.
Positive results for catalase, indole production, nitrate reduction, hydrolysis of casein,
hydrolysis of esculin, hydrolysis of starch, acid production from: D-glucose, maltose,
mannose, D -mannitol & trehalose.

Negative results for citrate utilization, H
2S production, oxidase, Voges-Proskauer & acid
production from L-arabinose.

Variable results for acidification of glycerol & D-xylose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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