Paenibacillus  curdlanolyticus
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus  curdlanolyticus
(Kanzawa, Harada, Takeuchi, Yokota and Harada 1995) Shida, Takagi, Kadowaki, Nakamura and Komagata 1997.
Basonym:
Bacillus curdlanolyticus Kanzawa, Harada, Takeuchi, Yokota and Harada 1995.
Gram-positive, motile (peritrichous flagella) rods, 0.5-1.0 x 2.0-6.0 μm. Produce
ellipsoidal spores in swollen sporangia.
Colonies are flat, opaque, smooth on nutrient agar and are motile on minimal
medium with curdlan or glucose. Aerobic. No anaerobic growth. Grow poorly in the
absence of glucose or a carbon source. Optimum temperature 30 ºC; no growth at
50 ºC. Grow in 2% NaCl media but not in 5% NaCl.
Isolated from soil. Resistant to 0.001% lysozyme.
Undetermined.
  1. Priest F.G., 2009. Genus I. Paenibacillus Ash, Priest and Collins 1994. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W.
    Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes,
    Springer, 269-295.
  2. Shida O., Takagi T., Kadowaki K., Nakamura L. K. and Komagata K., 1997. Transfer of Bacillus alginolyticus, Bacillus chondroitinus,
    Bacillus curdlanolyticus, Bacillus glucanolyticus, Bacillus kobensis, and Bacillus thiaminolyticus to the Genus Paenibacillus and
    Emended Description of the Genus Paenibacillus. IJSB 47, 289-298.
  3. Kanzawa Y., Harada A., Takeuchi M., Yokota A. and Harada T., 1995. Bacillus curdlanolyticus sp. nov. and Bacillus kobensis sp. nov.,
    which hydrolyze resistant curdlan. IJSB 45, 3, 515-521.
Positive results for catalase, nitrate reduction, hydrolysis of starch, hydrolysis of urea,
hydrolysis of curdlan (alpha beta-1,3-glucan), acid production from: L-arabinose,
cellobiose, D-fructose, D-glucose, glycerol, lactose, maltose, raffinose, salicin,
sucrose, trehalose & D-xylose.

Negative results for oxidase, hydrolysis of casein, hydrolysis of carboxymethyl cellulose, hydrolysis of beta-1,2-glucan,
Voges-Proskauer test, indole production, H
2S production, citrate utilization, acid production from: D-galactose, D-mannitol, mannose,
melibiose, L-rhamnose, D-ribose & sorbitol.
(c) Costin Stoica
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