Paenibacillus chibensis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus chibensis  Shida,
Takagi, Kadowaki, Nakamura and Komagata 1997.
Historical synonym:
Paenibacillus amylolyticus group II.
Gram-positive rods, 0.5–0.8 x 3–5 μm. Motile by peritrichous flagella. Produce terminal /
subterminal, ellipsoidal spores in swollen sporangia.
Colonies are brownish-yellow, smooth, flat. Grow on nutrient agar & TSA. Strictly
aerobic. Grow in 2% NaCl, but not in 5% NaCl media. Growth temperature 10-50 ºC,
optimum 37 ºC.  Can grow at pH 4.5-9.0, optimum 7.
Habitat is unknown. Might be an soil inhabitant (admin note). Resistant to lysozyme 0.001%.
Undetermined.
  1. Priest F.G., 2009. Genus I.  Paenibacillus  Ash, Priest and Collins 1994. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W.
    Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes,
    Springer, 269-295.
  2. Shida O., Takagi H., Kadowaki K., Nakamura L. K. and Komagata K., 1997. Emended description of  Paenibacillus amylolyticus
    and description of Paenibacillus illinoisensis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus chibensis sp. nov.. IJSB 47, 299-306.
Positive results for catalase, nitrate reduction, hydrolysis of starch, acid production
from: L-arabinose, cellobiose, fructose, galactose, D-glucose,  inositol, inulin,
maltose, D-mannitol, melibiose, ribose, salicin, starch, sucrose, trehalose & D-xylose.

Negative results for oxidase, hydrolysis of casein, hydrolysis of gelatin, hydrolysis of hippurate, hydrolysis of urea, hydrolysis of Tween
20, 60 & 80, Voges-Proskauer test, DN-ase, indole production, dihydroxyacetone, lecithinase, degradation of tyrosine, citrate
utilization, deamination of phenylalanine, H
2S production, acid production from: adonitol, glycerol, lactose, mannose, raffinose,  
rhamnose, sorbitol & sorbose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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