Paenibacillus cellulositrophicus
Taxonomy
Morphology
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Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus cellulositrophicus
Akaracharanya, Lorliam, Tanasupawat, Lee and Lee, 2009.
Description is based on a single isolate.
Gram-positive rods, 0.8-1.2 x 4-8 µm. Motile by peritrichous flagella. Produce central /
subterminal, ellipsoidal spores in swollen sporangia.
Colonies are white/white-cream and convex, 0.9-2.3 mm in diameter. Aerobic and
anaerobic growth. Grow in 5% NaCl, but not in 6% NaCl media. Growth temperature
20-55 ºC, optimum 30-37 ºC.  Can grow at pH 5-9, optimum 6-7. Isolated on CMC
agar medium (carboxymethylcellulose) and cultivated on TSA.
Isolated from a soil sample collected from Pua district in Nan province, in the northern part of Thailand.
Undetermined.
  1. Akaracharanya A., Lorliam W., Tanasupawat S., Lee K. C. and Lee J.-S. 2009. Paenibacillus cellulositrophicus  sp. nov., a
    cellulolytic bacterium from Thai soil. IJSEM 59, 2680-2684.
Cellulolytic bacterium (produce cellulase).
Positive results for arginine dihydrolase, catalase, oxidase, DN-ase, hydrolysis of
casein, hydrolysis of esculin, hydrolysis of gelatin, hydrolysis of urea, citrate utilization,
acid production from: N-acetylglucosamine, adonitol, aesculin, amygdalin, D- or L-arabinose, arbutin, cellobiose, D-fructose,
galactose, beta-gentiobiose, D-glucose, lactose, D-mannose, maltose, D-mannitol,  melezitose, melibiose, raffinose, rhamnose,
ribose, salicin, starch, sucrose, trehalose & D-xylose.

Negative results for hydrolysis of starch, hydrolysis of Tween 80, Voges-Proskauer test, indole production,  dihydroxyacetone  
production from glycerol, H
2S production, degradation of tyrosine, acid production from: D- or L-arabitol, dulcitol, erythritol, D- or
L-fucose, glycerol, glycogen, inositol, inulin, gluconate,2- or 5-keto-gluconate, D-lyxose, sorbitol, sorbose, xylitol & L-xylose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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