Taxonomy
Morphology
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Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Bacillaceae, Genus Bacillus, Bacillus bataviensis  Heyman, Vanparys,
Logan, Balcaen, Rodriguez-Diaz, Felske and De Vos 2004.
Gram-variable or Gram-positive rods, 0.7-1.2 µm in diameter, motile , centrally /
paracentrally / subterminally,  ellipsoidal / spherical endospores in slightly swollen
sporangia.
Colonies on TSA are cream-colored, produce a soft-brown pigment that diffuse in
agar, slightly raised, smooth or rough, eggshell-textured surfaces. Facultatively
anaerobic.
Growth is observed at pH 5 to 10 (optimally at pH 7); temperature range 30-55 ºC
(optimally at 30 ºC). NaCl, allantoin or urate are not required for growth.
Isolated from soil in the Drentse agricultural research area, The Netherlands.
Unknown.
  1. N.A. Logan and P. De Vos, 2009. Genus I.  Bacillus  Cohn 1872. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W. Ludwig, F.
    A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes, Springer, 21-127.
  2. Heyrman J., Vanparys B., Logan N.A., Balcaen A., Rodriguez-Diaz M., FelskeE A. and De Vos P., 2004. Bacillus novalis sp. nov.,
    Bacillus vireti sp. nov., Bacillus soli sp. nov., Bacillus bataviensis sp. nov. and Bacillus drentensis sp. nov., from the Drentse A
    grasslands. IJSEM 54, 47-57.
Positive results for beta-galactosidase, hydrolysis of esculin, hydrolysis of gelatin,
nitrate reduction, acid production from: D-glucose, D-mannitol, D-mannose, N-acetil-D-glucosamine, cellobiose, dulcitol, D-fructose,
galactose, beta-gentibiose, lactose, maltose, D-melezitose, raffinose & D-trehalose.

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, lysine decarboxylasem,ornithine decarboxylase, hydrolysis of urea, indole production, H
2S,
hydrolysis of casein, Voges-Proskauer test, citrate utilization, tryptophan deaminase, acid production from: L- or D-arabinose,  L- or
D-arabitol, methyl beta-xyloside, glycogen, adonitol, erythritol, D-fucose, gluconate, 2-ketogluconate, 5-ketogluconate, lyxose,
meso-inositol, rhamnose,sorbitol, sorbose, xylitol, D- or L-xylose.

Variable results for acid production from: amygdalin, arbutin, L-fucose, glycerol, inulin, D-melibiose, ribose, salicin, starch & sucrose.
(c) Costin Stoica
Bacillus bataviensis
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