Paenibacillus anaericanus
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus anaericanus  Horn,
Ihssen, Matthies, Schramm, Acker and Drake 2005.
Paenibacillus anaericanus  is an earlier heterotypic synonym of  Paenibacillus ginsengisoli Lee et al. 2007.
Description is based upon a single isolate.
Gram-negative, motile rods, 0.5–1.0 x 2.0–5.0 μm, grouped in chains; cells are linked
by connecting filaments, have a three-layered cell wall without outer membrane;
contains b-type cytochromes.  Produce ellipsoidal spores positioned terminally /
subterminally in swollen sporangia.
Colonies are flat, smooth & circular.
Aerobic, facultatively anaerobic. Growth temperature 5 to 40 ºC, optimum 30-35 ºC.
Grow at 5.8-8.6 pH (optimum 7.7) and in 2% NaCl, but not in 5% and 7% NaCl media.
Isolated from the gut of the earth-worm Aporrectodea caliginosa (collected from garden soil in Bayreuth, Germany).
Undetermined.
  1. Priest F.G., 2009. Genus I.  Paenibacillus  Ash, Priest and Collins 1994. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W.
    Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes,
    Springer, 269-295.
  2. Horn M.A., Ihssen J., Matthies C., Schramm A., Acker G. and Drake H.L., 2005. Dechloromonas denitrificans sp. nov.,
    Flavobacterium denitrificans sp. nov., Paenibacillus anaericanus sp. nov. and Paenibacillus terrae strain MH72, N2O-producing
    bacteria isolated from the gut of the earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa. IJSEM 55, 1255-1265.
Positive results for oxidase, catalase, hydrolysis of starch & acid production from
D-glucose.

Negative results for nitrate reduction, hydrolysis of urea, hydrolysis of gelatin, Voges-Proskauer reaction, arginine dihydrolase, lysine
decarboxylase, indole production, citrate utilization & deamination of phenylalanine.
(c) Costin Stoica
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