Paenibacillus amylolyticus
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus amylolyticus
(Nakamura 1984) Ash, Priest and Collins 1995, emend.  Shida, Takagi, Kadowaki, Nakamura and Komagata 1997.
Basonym:
Bacillus amylolyticus (ex Choukevitch 1911) Nakamura 1984.
This species represents DNA hybridization group 11 of
Bacillus circulans sensu lato.
Gram-positive, 0.5–1.0 x 3.0–5.0 μm rods, motile by peritrichous flagella. Produce
terminal / subterminal, ellipsoidal spores in swollen sporangia.
Colonies are grayish-white, translucent, smooth & flat. Aerobic, facultatively
anaerobic. Grow on nutrient agar. Growth temperature 10-15 to 40 ºC, optimum 28-37
ºC. Grow at 4.5-9.0 pH (optimum 7.0) and in 2% NaCl, but not in 5% and 7% NaCl
media.
Isolated from soil. Susceptible to 0.001% lysozyme.
Undetermined.
  1. Priest F.G., 2009. Genus I.  Paenibacillus  Ash, Priest and Collins 1994. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W.
    Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes,
    Springer, 269-295.
  2. Shida O., Takagi H., Kadowaki K., Nakamura L. K. and Komagata K., 1997. Emended Description of  Paenibacillus amylolyticus
    and Description of Paenibacillus illinoisensis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus chibensis sp. nov.. IJSB 47, 299-306.
Positive results for catalase, nitrate reduction, hydrolysis of starch, hydrolysis of casein
(weak), hydrolysis of gelatin, hydrolysis of Tween 20, hydrolysis of Tween 60, acid
production from: L-arabinose, cellobiose, fructose, galactose, D-glucose, glycerol,
D-mannitol, maltose, mannose, melibiose, inositol, inulin, ribose, salicin, starch, sucrose, trehalose & D-xylose.

Negative results for oxidase, hydrolysis of urea, hydrolysis of hippurate, Voges-Proskauer test, lecithinase, tyrosine degradation,
indole production, dihydroxyacetone, degradation of tyrosine, citrate utilization, deamination of phenylalanine, H
2S production, acid
production from: adonitol, lactose, raffinose, rhamnose, sorbitol & sorbose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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