Paenibacillus alginolyticus
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Paenibacillaceae, Genus Paenibacillus, Paenibacillus alginolyticus
(
Nakamura 1987) Shida, Takagi, Kadowaki, Nakamura and Komagata 1997.
Basonym:
Bacillus alginolyticus Nakamura 1987.
Gram-positive, motile rods, 0.5-1.0 x 4-6 μm. Produce ellipsoidal spores in swollen
sporangia.
Colonies are nonpigmented, translucent and smooth. Can be selectively isolated by
growth in minimal medium with sodium alginate as sole carbon source and a trace of
yeast extract (0.1 g/l).
Aerobic. No anaerobic growth. Growth temperature 5-10 to 35-40 ºC, optimum 30 ºC.
Grow at pH 5.6. Variable growth in 2% NaCl media and negative growth in 5% NaCl.
Isolated from soil. Resistant to 0.001% lysozyme at pH 5.6-5.7.
Undetermined.
  1. Priest F.G., 2009. Genus I.  Paenibacillus  Ash, Priest and Collins 1994. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W.
    Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes,
    Springer, 269-295.
  2. Shida O., Takagi T., Kadowaki K., Nakamura L. K. and Komagata K., 1997. Transfer of Bacillus alginolyticus, Bacillus
    chondroitinus, Bacillus curdlanolyticus, Bacillus glucanolyticus, Bacillus kobensis, and Bacillus thiaminolyticus to the Genus
    Paenibacillus and Emended Description of the Genus Paenibacillus. IJSB 47, 289-298.
Positive results for catalase, hydrolysis of urea, hydrolysis of alginate, hydrolysis of carboxymethyl cellulose, hydrolysis of
beta-1,2-glucan, hydrolysis of starch, hydrolysis
of Tween 80, citrate utilization, acid production from: L-arabinose, D-glucose,
D-mannitol & D-xylose.

Negative results for oxidase, nitrate reduction, casein hydrolysis, indole production, degradation of tyrosine & Voges-Proskauer test.
(c) Costin Stoica
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