Pigmentiphaga kullae
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Alcaligenaceae, Genus Pigmentiphaga,
Pigmentiphaga kullae Blumel et al. 2001, type species of the genus.
Gram-negative rods, 0.7-1.2 x 1.3-4 μm. Motile. Non-spore-forming.
Colonies are opaque, circular and convex with an entire margin. The strain grows at
30, 37 and 42 ºC; no growth at 4 ºC. Can grow on Luria-Bertani agar.
Isolated from soil after continuous enrichment with 1-(4'-carboxyphenylazo)-4-naphthol. Can degrade azo dyes.
Susceptible to carbenicillin, chloramphenicol, gentamicin, kanamycin, neomycin and polymyxin. Resistant to tetracycline, ampicillin,
cephalothin, lincomycin, novobiocin, oleandomycin, penicillin G and streptomycin.
Undetermined.
  1. Blumel S., Mark B., Busse H.J., Kampfer P. and Stolz A.: Pigmentiphaga kullae gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel member of the family
    Alcaligenaceae with the ability to decolorize azo dyes aerobically. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1867-1871.
  2. Kim S.J., Yoo S.H., Weon H.Y., Kim Y.S., Anandham R., Suh J.S. and Kwon S.W.: Paralcaligenes ureilyticus gen. nov., sp. nov.
    isolated from soil of a Korean ginseng field. J. Microbiol., 2011, 49, 502-507.
  3. Yoon J.H., Kang S.J., Kim W. and Oh T.K.: Pigmentiphaga daeguensis sp. nov., isolated from wastewater of a dye works, and
    emended description of the genus Pigmentiphaga. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1188-1191.
Positive results for arginine dihydrolase, catalase, alpha-chymotrypsin, esterase (C4),
esterase lipase (C8), gelatin hydrolysis, leucine arylamidase, nitrate reduction, naphtol
-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase & oxidase.
Can utilize: acetate, propionate, cis-aconitate, trans-aconitate, adipate, azelate, citrate, fumarate, glutarate, DL-3-hydroxybutyrate,
itaconate, DL-lactate, mesaconate, 2-oxoglutarate, pyruvate, suberate, L-aspartate, 3-hydroxybenzoate, 4-hydroxybenzoate, adipic
acid, malic acid.

Negative results for acid phosphatase, alpha- and beta-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase, alpha- and beta-glucosidase,
N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, indole production, alpha-mannosidase, alpha-fucosidase, trypsin & valine arylamidase.
No acid production from: glucose, lactose, sucrose, D-mannitol, dulcitol, salicin, adonitol, inositol, sorbitol, L-arabinose, raffinose,
rhamnose, maltose, D-xylose, trehalose, cellobiose, methyl D-glucoside, erythritol, melibiose, D-arabitol & D-mannose.
No utilization of: N-acetylgalactosamine, N-acetylglucosamine, L-arabinose, L-arbutin, D-cellobiose, D-fructose, D-galactose,
gluconate, D-glucose, D-maltose, D-mannose, alpha-D-melibiose, L-rhamnose, D-ribose, D-sucrose, salicin, D-trehalose,
D-xylose, adonitol, i-inositol, maltitol, D-mannitol, D-sorbitol, putrescine, 4-aminobutyrate, L-alanine, L-histidine, L-leucine,
L-ornithine, L-phenylalanine, L-serine, L-tryptophan, phenylacetate, 5-ketogluconate, capric acid, malonate.

Contradictory results for alkaline phosphatase and urease: positive by Kim et al. (2011) and negative by Yoon et al. (2007).
(c) Costin Stoica
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