Paenalcaligenes hominis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Alcaligenaceae, Genus Paenalcaligenes,
Paenalcaligenes hominis Kampfer et al. 2010, type species of the genus.
Gram-negative short rods, 1.3-2.0 x 0.2-0.8 μm. Motile.
On nutrient agar, colonies are beige and circular with an entire margin. Grows at 30,
37 and 42 ºC; no growth at 4 ºC.
Can grow in 0.5% NaCl. Aerobe.
Isolated from human blood from an 85-year-old man in Goteborg, Sweden.
Undetermined.
  1. Kampfer (P.), Falsen (E.), Langer (S.), Lodders (N.) and Busse (H.J.): Paenalcaligenes hominis gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member
    of the family Alcaligenaceae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1537-1542.
  2. Lee, Y. Y., Lee, J. K., Park, K. H., Kim, S.-Y., Roh, S. W., Lee, S.-B., Choi, Y. and Lee, S.-J. 2013. Paenalcaligenes hermetiae sp.
    nov., isolated from the larval gut of Hermetia illucens (Diptera: Stratiomyidae), and emended description of the genus
    Paenalcaligenes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4224-4229.
  3. Moon, J.-Y., Lim, J.-M., Ahn, J.-H., Weon, H.-Y., Kwon, S.-W. and Kim, S.-J. 2014. Paenalcaligenes suwonensis sp. nov., isolated
    from spent mushroom compost. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 882-886.
Positive results for catalase, oxidase & urease.
Can utilize: cis- and trans-aconitate, pyruvate, fumarate, DL-3-hydroxybutyrate &
DL-lactate.

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, esculin hydrolysis, gelatin hydrolysis, beta-galactosidase, indole production & nitrate
reduction. No acids are produced from glucose, lactose, sucrose, D-mannitol, dulcitol, salicin, adonitol, inositol, sorbitol, L-arabinose,
raffinose, rhamnose, maltose, D-xylose, trehalose, cellobiose, methyl D-glucoside, erythritol, melibiose, D-arabitol & D-mannose.
No assimilation of: N-acetylgalactosamine, N-acetylglucosamine, L-arabinose, L-arbutin, cellobiose, D-fructose, D-galactose, D-
glucose, D-gluconate, maltose, D-mannose, melibiose, L-rhamnose, D-ribose, sucrose, salicin, trehalose, D-xylose, adonitol, myo-
inositol, maltitol, D-mannitol, D-sorbitol, putrescine, adipate, azelate, 4-aminobutyrate, glutarate, itaconate, L-malate, mesaconate, 2-
oxoglutarate, propionate, suberate, beta-alanine, L-proline, L-tryptophan, 3-hydroxybenzoate, c phenylacetate, c
apric acid, L-
rhamnose, suberic acid, sodium malonate, potassium 5-ketogluconate, glycogen, 3-hydroxybenzoic acid, salicin, L-fucose, D-
sorbitol, potassium 2-ketogluconate, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, adipic acid, malic acid, trisodium citrate, sodium acetate, lactic acid,
glycogen (weak), valeric acid, 3-hydroxybutyric acid & L-proline.

Contradictory results (negative by Kampfer et al. 2010 and positive by Lee et al. 2013) for: L-alanine, L-aspartate, L-histidine, L-
leucine, L-ornithine, L-phenylalanine & L-serine.
(c) Costin Stoica
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