Castellaniella denitrificans
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Alcaligenaceae, Genus Castellaniella,
Castellaniella denitrificans Kämpfer et al. 2006.
Gram-negative rods, 1.3-2.0 x 0.2-0.8 μm. Non-spore-forming. Motile.
Colonies are beige and circular with an entire margin. Good growth occurs after 24 h
incubation on nutrient agar at 25-30 ºC. Grows at 37 and 42 ºC; no growth at 4 ºC.
Facultatively anaerobic.
Isolated from an anaerobic sludge digestor in Germany and from an environmental sample in Korea.
Undetermined.
  1. Kampfer (P.), Denger (K.), Cook (A.M.), Lee (S.T.), Jackel (U.), Denner (E.B.M.) and Busse (H.J.): Castellaniella gen. nov., to
    accomodate the phylogenetic lineage of Alcaligenes defragrans, and proposal of Castellaniella defragrans gen. nov., comb. nov.
    and Castellaniella denitrificans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 815-819.
  2. Denger, K & Laue, Heike & M Cook, A. (1997). Anaerobic taurine oxidation: A novel reaction by a nitrate-reducing Alcaligenes sp..
    Microbiology (Reading, England). 143 ( Pt 6). 1919-24. 10.1099/00221287-143-6-1919.
  3. Kim (M.K.), Srinivasan (S.), Kim (Y.J.) and Yang (D.C.): Castellaniella ginsengisoli sp. nov., a beta-glucosidase-producing
    bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2191-2194.
  4. Glaeser (S.P.), Galatis (H.), Martin (K.) and Kampfer (P.): Castellaniella hirudinis sp. nov., isolated from the skin of Hirudo verbana.
    Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 521-525.
Positive results for acid and alkaline phosphatase, catalase, nitrate reduction, oxidase,
esterase (C4), esterase (C8), beta-glucosidase (aesculin hydrolysis), leucine
arylamidase, naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase & valine arylamidase (weak).
Can utilize: D-gluconate (weak), acetate, propionate, cis-aconitate, trans-aconitate, 4-aminobutyrate, citrate, fumarate, glutarate,
DL-3-hydroxybutyrate, itaconate, DL-lactate, L-malate, mesaconate, 2-oxoglutarate, pyruvate, L-alanine, beta-alanine, L-aspartate,
L-leucine, L-ornithine & L-proline. Can utilize taurine as a source of electrons and carbon under anoxic, nitrate- respiring conditions.

Negative results for N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, arginine dihydrolase, alpha-chymotrypsin, alpha- and beta-galactosidase
(ONPG hydrolysis), beta-galactosidase (PNPG hydrolysis), alpha-glucosidase (starch hydrolysis), beta-glucosidase (6-Br-2-naphthyl-
beta-D-glucopyranoside), beta-glucuronidase, lipase (C14), protease (gelatin hydrolysis), trypsin & urease.
No acid production from: glucose, lactose, sucrose, D-mannitol, dulcitol, salicin, adonitol, inositol, sorbitol, L-arabinose, raffinose,
rhamnose, maltose, D-xylose, trehalose, cellobiose, methyl D-glucoside, erythritol, melibiose, D-arabitol & D-mannose.
No utilization of: N-acetylgalactosamine, N-acetylglucosamine, L-arabinose, L-arbutin, D-cellobiose, D-fructose, D-galactose,
D-glucose, D-maltose, D-mannose, alpha-D-melibiose, L-rhamnose, D-ribose, D-sucrose, salicin, D-trehalose, D-xylose, adonitol,
i-inositol, maltitol, D-mannitol, D-sorbitol, putrescine, adipate, azelate, suberate, L-histidine, L-phenylalanine, L-tryptophan,
3-hydroxybenzoate, phenylacetate & 5-ketogluconate.

Contradictory results for L-serine utilization.
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