Bordetella trematum
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Alcaligenaceae, Genus Bordetella, Bordetella
trematum
Vandamme et al. 1996.
Gram-negative rods, 0.5-0.6 x 1.0-1.8 μm. Motile by means of peritrichous flagella.
Nonsporulating. Capsulated.
Colonies may be observed at 16–24 h of incubation at 37 ºC under aerobic conditions.
They are convex, circular, and greyish cream white with entire edges on blood agar.
Can grow at 25 (reduced) and 42 ºC. Growth occurs on MacConkey agar, Blood agar,
Salmonella-Shigella agar, nutrient broth with 0 to 6% NaCl. No growth on Simmons
citrate agar and cetrimide agar. Diffusible brown pigment is not produced.
Isolated from human wound and ear infections.
Isolated from human wound and ear infections.
  1. Vandamme (P.), Heyndrickx (M.), Vancanneyt (M.), Hoste (B.), De Vos (P.), Falsen (E.), Kersters (K.) and Hinz (K.H.): Bordetella
    trematum sp. nov., isolated from wounds and ear infections in humans, and reassessment of Alcaligenes denitrificans Rüger and
    Tan 1983. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 849-858.
  2. Gary N. Sanden and Robbin S. Weyant: Genus III. Bordetella Moreno-Lopez 1952, 178AL in: Bergey's Manual of Systematic
    Bacteriology, vol. 2, part C: The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), 2005, 662-671.
  3. Von Wintzingerode (F.), Schattke (A.), Siddiqui (R.A.), Rosick (U.), Gobel (U.B.) and Gross (R.): Bordetella petrii sp. nov., isolated
    from an anaerobic bioreactor, and emended description of the genus Bordetella. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1257-1265.
Positive results for alkaline phosphatase, catalase, ester C8 lipase, tetrazolium reduction, naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase, valine
arylamidase, leucyl glycine arylamidase, serine arylamidase & L-aspartic acid arylamidase.
Can utilize: adipate, L-malate, phenylacetate, citrate & esculin.

Negative results for lysine decarboxylase, oxidase, urease, trypsin, cystine arylamidase, proline arylamidase, pyroglutamic acid
arylamidase, acid production from glucose.
No utilization of: D-glucose, D-gluconate, D-mannitol, maltose, caprate, D- and L-arabinose, mannose, N-acetylglucosamine,
erythritol, ribose, D- and L-xylose, adonitol, rhamnose, methyl beta-D-xyloside, inositol, sorbitol, methyl alpha-D-glucoside, amygdalin,
arbutin, salicin, cellobiose, lactose, melibiose, saccharose, trehalose, inulin, melezitose, raffinose, starch, glycogen, xylitol and
gentiobiose.

Variable results for chymotrypsin, lipase C14, nitrate reduction, denitrification, arginine arylamidase, phenylalanine arylamidase,
tyrosine arylamidase, Glutamyl glutamic acid arylamidase & utilization of 5-ketogluconate.
(c) Costin Stoica
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