Bordetella parapertussis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Alcaligenaceae, Genus Bordetella, Bordetella
parapertussis
(Eldering and Kendrick 1938) Moreno-Lopez 1952.

Old synonym:
Bacillus parapertussis Eldering and Kendrick 1938, Haemophilus parapertussis (Eldering and Kendrick 1938) Wilson
and Miles 1946,
Acinetobacter parapertussis (Eldering and Kendrick 1938) Steel and Cowan 1964.
Gram-negative coccobacilli. Nonmotile.
Colonies on Bordet-Gengou medium are smooth, raised, entire, pearly, glistening
colonies in 48 to 72 hours at 37 ºC. Colonies are slightly larger and appear earlier on
Bordet-Gengou medium than
B. pertussis (2-3 days). A pellicle forms on liquid media.
A narrow zone of haemolysis is produced on blood agar. Optimum growth
temperature is 35-37 ºC. No growth at 25 and 42 ºC. Strictly aerobic. Growth occurs on
MacConkey agar and Blood agar. No growth on Simmons citrate agar, Salmonella-
Shigella agar, cetrimide agar, nutrient broth with 6% NaCl (but grows in nutrient broth
with 0% NaCl). In broth produce a ropy sediment; brown coloring of medium.
Isolated from the respiratory tract of humans and sheep.
Susceptible to erythromycin, trimethoprim + sulfamethoxazole, and fluoroquinolones.
Produce a pertussis-like syndrome in humans and chronic progressive pneumonia in sheep.
Shows cross agglutination with
Bordetella pertussis and B. bronchiseptica. Toxin neutralized by antitoxin of B. pertussis and of B.
bronchiseptica
.
  1. Alison Weiss: The Genus Bordetella in: The Prokaryotes. A Handbook on the Biology of Bacteria, Third Edition, Volume 5:
    Proteobacteria: Alpha and Beta Subclasses, Martin Dworkin (Editor-in-Chief), 2006, Chapter 3.2.3, 648-674.
  2. Gary N. Sanden and Robbin S. Weyant: Genus III. Bordetella Moreno-Lopez 1952, 178AL in: Bergey's Manual of Systematic
    Bacteriology, vol. 2, part C: The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), 2005, 662-671.
  3. Margaret Pittman: Bordetella in: Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, seventh edition, Robert S. Breed, E.G.D. Murray,
    Nathan R. Smith, 1957, 402-403.
  4. Kersters (K.), Hinz (K.H.), Hertle (A.), Segers (P.), Lievens (A.), Siegmann (O.) and De Ley (J.): Bordetella avium sp. nov., isolated
    from the respiratory tracts of turkeys and other birds. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 56-70.
  5. Von Wintzingerode (F.), Schattke (A.), Siddiqui (R.A.), Rosick (U.), Gobel (U.B.) and Gross (R.): Bordetella petrii sp. nov., isolated
    from an anaerobic bioreactor, and emended description of the genus Bordetella. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1257-1265.
Citrate is utilized as a sole source of carbon.
Positive results for catalase, chymotrypsin, ester C8 lipase, tetrazolium reduction & urease.

Negative results for alkaline phosphatase, alkalinization of litmus milk, esculin hydrolysis, gelatin liquefaction, indole production,
lysine decarboxylase, lipase C14, nitrate reduction, nitrite reduction, denitrification, naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase, oxidase,
trypsin, valine arylamidase, cystine arylamidase, arginine arylamidase, proline arylamidase, leucyl glycine arylamidase,
phenylalanine arylamidase, pyroglutamic acid arylamidase, tyrosine arylamidase, glutamyl glutamic acid arylamidase, serine
arylamidase, acid production from glucose & D-xylose.
No utilization of: D-glucose, D-gluconate, D-mannitol, maltose, malonate, caprate, adipate, L-malate, phenylacetate, esculin,
5-ketogluconate, acetate, glycolate, pimelate, meso-tartrate, itaconate, succinate, pyruvate, L-proline, L-glutamate, D- and
L-arabinose, mannose, N-acetylglucosamine, glycerol, erythritol, ribose, D- and L-xylose, adonitol, rhamnose, methyl beta-D-xyloside,
inositol, sorbitol, methyl alpha-D-glucoside, amygdalin, arbutin, salicin, cellobiose, lactose, melibiose, saccharose, trehalose, inulin,
melezitose, raffinose, starch, glycogen, xylitol and gentiobiose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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