Bordetella hinzii
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Alcaligenaceae, Genus Bordetella, Bordetella hinzii
Vandamme et al. 1995.
Gram-negative rods. Motile by means of peritrichous flagella. Nonsporulating.
Two distinct colony types occur. Some strains produce round, raised, glistening,
grayish colonies about 2 mm in diameter after 48 h of incubation at 37 ºC in air
containing 5% CO
2. Under the same conditions other strains produce flat, dry, crinkled
colonies that are up to 5 mm in diameter. Nonhaemolytic on horse blood agar.
Optimum temperature is 35-37 ºC. Can grow at 25 and 42 ºC. Growth occurs on Blood
agar,, MacConkey agar, Simmons citrate agar, Salmonella-Shigella agar, nutrient broth
with 0 to 6% NaCl. No growth on cetrimide agar. Brown pigment is not produced.
Isolated from respiratory tracts of turkeys and chickens. Isolated in blood and sputum specimens from humans.
Pathogenic in humans. Experimental infections in turkey poults and 1-day-old chickens have shown that B. hinzii is nonpathogenic.
  1. Vandamme (P.), Hommez (J.), Vancanneyt (M.), Monsieurs (M.), Hoste (B.), Cookson (B.), Wirsing Von Konig (C.H.), Kersters (K.)
    and Blackall (P.J.): Bordetella hinzii sp. nov., isolated from poultry and humans. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 37-45.
  2. Gary N. Sanden and Robbin S. Weyant: Genus III. Bordetella Moreno-Lopez 1952, 178AL in: Bergey's Manual of Systematic
    Bacteriology, vol. 2, part C: The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), 2005, 662-671.
  3. Von Wintzingerode (F.), Schattke (A.), Siddiqui (R.A.), Rosick (U.), Gobel (U.B.) and Gross (R.): Bordetella petrii sp. nov., isolated
    from an anaerobic bioreactor, and emended description of the genus Bordetella. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1257-1265.
  4. Vandamme P. A., Peeters, C., Cnockaert, M., Inganas, E., Falsen, E., Moore, E. R., Nunes, O. C., Manaia, C. M., Spilker, T. and
    Lipuma, J. J. 2015. Bordetella bronchialis sp. nov., Bordetella flabilis sp. nov. and Bordetella sputigena sp. nov., isolated from
    human respiratory specimens, and reclassification of Achromobacter sediminum Zhang et al. 2014 as Verticia sediminum gen.
    nov., comb. nov Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 3674-3682.
Positive results for alkaline phosphatase, catalase, ester C8 lipase, oxidase, naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase & tetrazolium
reduction. Can utilize: adipate, malate, citrate, esculin & phenyl acetate.

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, esculin hydrolysis, gelatin liquefaction, beta-galactosidase, indole production, lipase C14,
lysine decarboxylase, nitrates reduction, denitrification, trypsin, chymotrypsin, acid production from glucose.
No utilization of: D-glucose, D-mannitol, maltose, D-malonate, gluconate, 5-ketogluconate, mannose, N-acetylglucosamine, glycerol,
D- and L-arabinose, erythritol, ribose, D- and L-xylose, adonitol, rhamnose, methyl beta-D-xyloside, inositol, sorbitol, methyl
alpha-D-glucoside, amygdalin, arbutin, salicin, cellobiose, lactose, melibiose, saccharose, trehalose, inulin, melezitose, raffinose,
starch, glycogen, xylitol and gentiobiose.

Variable results for urease (usually negative) & caprate assimilation (usually positive).
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