Bordetella bronchiseptica
Bordetella bronchiseptica Gram-negative rods
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Alcaligenaceae, Genus Bordetella, Bordetella
bronchiseptica
(Ferry 1912) Moreno-Lopez 1952.

Old synonyms:
Bacillus bronchicanis Ferry 1911, Bacillus bronchisepticus Ferry 1912, Bacterium bronchisepticus (Ferry 1912) Evans
1918,
Alcaligenes bronchisepticus (Ferry 1912) Bergey et al. 1925, Brucella bronchispetica (Ferry 1912) Topley and Wilson 1929,
Alcaligenes bronchicanis (Ferry 1911) Haupt 1935, Haemophilus bronchisepticus (Ferry 1912) Wilson and Miles 1946.
Gram-negative rods, 0.2-0.5 x 1.0-2.0 μm, arranged singly or in pairs. Motile by
peritrichous flagella. Capsulated.
Colonies on Bordet-Gengou medium are smooth, convex, pearly, glistening, nearly
transparent. Usually weak haemolysis. Optimum growth temperature is 37 ºC. Can
grow at 25 and 42 ºC. Strictly aerobic.
Colonies appear earlier (1-2 days) on Bordet–Gengou medium and are larger than
those of
B. pertussis or B. parapertussis.
Colonies on MacConkey agar are reddish and surrounded by a small red zone with
amber discoloration of the underlying medium. Grows on Salmonella-Shigella agar
and Simmons citrate agar. No growth on Cetrimide agar. Pigments are not produced.
Isolated from the respiratory tract of domestic and wild mammalians (dogs, swine,
guinea pigs, rabbits, raccoons, etc.).
Also isolated as a commensal organism in the upper respiratory tract of humans.
Pathogenic, causes kennel cough in dogs, atrophic rhinitis and bronchopneumonia
in pigs. Sometimes is associated with
Pasteurella multocida. May produce rhinitis or
bronchopneumonia in cats, rabbits and other mammalians.
  1. Alison Weiss: The Genus Bordetella in: The Prokaryotes. A Handbook on the Biology of Bacteria, Third Edition, Volume 5:
    Proteobacteria: Alpha and Beta Subclasses, Martin Dworkin (Editor-in-Chief), 2006, Chapter 3.2.3, 648-674.
  2. Gary N. Sanden and Robbin S. Weyant: Genus III. Bordetella Moreno-Lopez 1952, 178AL in: Bergey's Manual of Systematic
    Bacteriology, vol. 2, part C: The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), 2005, 662-671.
  3. Kersters (K.), Hinz (K.H.), Hertle (A.), Segers (P.), Lievens (A.), Siegmann (O.) and De Ley (J.): Bordetella avium sp. nov., isolated
    from the respiratory tracts of turkeys and other birds. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 56-70.
  4. Pedersen KB. Some factors influencing the haemolysis of B. bronchiseptica. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand B. 1976 Apr;84(2):75-8.
  5. David A. Bemis, Helen A. Greisen, and Max J. G. Appel: Bacteriological Variation Among Bordetella bronchiseptica Isolates from
    Dogs and Other Species. Journal of Clinical Microbiology Apr. 1977, p. 471-480.
  6. W. Simpson and D. J. C. Simmons: Problems Associated With The Indentification Of Bordetella bronchiseptica. Laboratory
    Animals (1976) 10,47-48.
  7. Margaret Pittman: Bordetella in: Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, seventh edition, Robert S. Breed, E.G.D. Murray,
    Nathan R. Smith, 1957, 402-403.
  8. Von Wintzingerode (F.), Schattke (A.), Siddiqui (R.A.), Rosick (U.), Gobel (U.B.) and Gross (R.): Bordetella petrii sp. nov., isolated
    from an anaerobic bioreactor, and emended description of the genus Bordetella. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1257-1265.
Positive results for alkalinization of litmus milk, catalase, oxidase, tetrazolium reduction,
urease (almost instantaneous reaction) & valine arylamidase.
Can utilize adipate, acetate, citrate & phenylacetate.

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, gelatin liquefaction, indole production, lysine
decarboxylase, lipase C14, trypsin, chymotrypsin, naphthol-AS-B1-phosphohydrolase,
serine arylamidase, acid production from glucose & xylose.
No utilization of: D-glucose, D-xylose, D-gluconate, D-mannitol, lactose, sucrose,
maltose, esculin, 5-ketogluconate, glycolate, malonate, pimelate, itaconate, succinate,
pyruvate, L-proline, L-glutamate, glycerol, erythritol, inositol, sorbitol & trehalose.

Variable results for alkaline phosphatase, ester C8 lipase, nitrates reduction,
denitrification, phenylalanine deaminase, utilization of: caprate, L-malate, meso-tartrate.
(c) Costin Stoica
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Bordetella bronchiseptica colonies on Sheep blood
agar (left) and MacConkey agar (right)