Bordetella bronchialis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Alcaligenaceae, Genus Bordetella, Bordetella
bronchialis
Vandamme et al. 2015.
Gram-negative small rods with rounded ends, 0.2 x 1.2 μm, occuring single or in
pairs. Motile.
Colonies are slightly convex, translucent and non-pigmented, with smooth margins,
and 0.5-1 mm in diameter after 72 h of incubationon trypticase soy agar at 28 ºC. Not  
haemolytic on horse blood agar. No growth on cetrimide agar or on acetamide.
Can grow at 30, 37 and 42 ºC. Growth occurs in nutrient broth with 3% NaCl (not in
4% NaCl). No fluorescence on King’s B medium. Aerobic and anerobic growth.
Isolated from respiratory specimens of cystic fibrosis patients in the USA.
Undetermined.
  1. Vandamme P. A., Peeters, C., Cnockaert, M., Inganas, E., Falsen, E., Moore, E. R., Nunes, O. C., Manaia, C. M., Spilker, T. and
    Lipuma, J. J. 2015. Bordetella bronchialis sp. nov., Bordetella flabilis sp. nov. and Bordetella sputigena sp. nov., isolated from
    human respiratory specimens, and reclassification of Achromobacter sediminum Zhang et al. 2014 as Verticia sediminum gen.
    nov., comb. nov Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 3674-3682.
Can utilize: D-gluconate, citrate & D-lactate.
Positive results for acid and alkaline phosphatase, catalase, leucine arylamidase & oxidase.

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, amylase, ONPG, PNPG, DNase, lysine decarboxylase, ornithine decarboxylase, nitrate
reduction, nitrite reduction and denitrification; liquefaction of gelatin, hydrolysis of aesculin and Tween 80; indole production, H2S
production in triple-sugar-iron agar, C8-lipase, C4 lipase, C14-lipase, valine arylamidase, cystine arylamidase, trypsin, chymotrypsin,
alpha- and beta-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase, alpha- and beta-glucosidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase,
alpha-mannosidase, urease, acid production from: D-glucose, maltose, adonitol, D-fructose & D-xylose.
No utilization of: D-glucose, trehalose, L-arginine, DL-norleucine, L-arabinose, D-mannose, D-mannitol, N-acetylglucosamine,
maltose, caprate, sucrose, L-malate, phenylacetate & adipate (weakly positive in API 20 NE).
(c) Costin Stoica
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