Azohydromonas lata
Taxonomy
Morphology
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Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Alcaligenaceae, Genus Azohydromonas,
Azohydromonas lata (Palleroni and Palleroni 1978) Xie and Yokota 2005.

Old synonym:
Alcaligenes latus Palleroni and Palleroni 1978.
Gram-negative coccoid rods, 1.2-1.4 x 1.6-2.4 μm, occurring singly, in pairs, or in
short chains. Motile by means of 5-10 peritrichous flagella. Cells are frequently heavily
granulated. Accumulates PHB granules as storage material.
Colonies are wrinkled in fresh isolates but can become smooth upon subcultivation.
Under autotrophic growth conditions on a solid mineral medium colonies are round,
grayish pink, and opaque. Facultatively chemolithotrophic in an atmosphere
containing hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide. Can grow with dinitrogen as sole
nitrogen source. Growth occurs at 15-42
ºC, the optimum temperature is 30-35 ºC.
Isolated from soil in California.
Undetermined.
  1. Hans-Jurgen Busse and Georg Auling: Genus I. Alcaligenes Castellani and Chalmers 1919, 936AL in: Bergey's Manual of
    Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 2, part C: The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief),
    2005, 653-658.
  2. Xie, Cheng-Hui, Yokota, Akira: Reclassification of Alcaligenes latus strains IAM 12599T and IAM 12664 and Pseudomonas
    saccharophila as Azohydromonas lata gen. nov., comb. nov., Azohydromonas australica sp. nov. and Pelomonas saccharophila
    gen. nov., comb. nov., respectively. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2005 55: 2419-2425.
Positive results for arginine dihydrolase, catalase, gelatin liquefaction, nitrate reduction, oxidase, starch hydrolysis, tyrosinase,urease,
acid production from arabinose, glucose & sucrose.
Can utilize: D-arabinose, D-glucose, D-fructose, sucrose, maltose, gluconate, 2-ketogluconate, glycerol, DL-glycerate, betaine,
trehalose, sebacate, citrate, ethanol, n-butanol, isobutanol, D-arabitol, mucate, formate, butyrate, isobutyrate, malonate, succinate,
fumarate, suberate, lactate, L-malate, D-tartrate, itaconate, L- and D-alanine, L-serine, L-leucine, L-aspartate, L-glutamate, L-proline,
m-hydroxybenzoate, L-mandelate, phenylacetate, quinate, L-threonine, L-isoleucine

Negative results for aesculin hydrolysis, indole production, H
2S production, beta-galactosidase, Voges–Proskauer test, acid
production from mannitol, inositol, rhamnose & sorbitol.
No utilization of: ribose, meso-inositol, L-arabinose, lactose, starch, sorbitol, galactose, mannitol, D-xylose, D-mannose, adipate,
pimelate, meso-tartrate, D-malate, acetate, valerate, isovalerate, caproate, caprylate, pelargonate, maleate, glycine, benzoate,
caprate, glutarate, alpha-ketoglutarate, L-lysine, L-arginine, acetamide, L-tryptophan, D-aminovalerate, meso-erythritol, L-histidine,
kynurenate & putrescine.

Variable results for glycolate, propionate, L-tartrate & L-tyrosine utilization.
(c) Costin Stoica
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