Azohydromonas australica
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
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Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Alcaligenaceae, Genus Azohydromonas,
Azohydromonas australica Xie and Yokota 2005.
Gram-negative, short to straight coccoid rods or rods, 1.6-2.4 x 1.1-1.4 μm, motile
by means of five to ten peritrichous flagella. Accumulate PHB granules as storage
material.
Colonies are grey, round and opaque and they sometimes become wrinkled. Growth
occurs at 15-42 ºC; the optimum temperature is 30-35 ºC. No growth occurs at more
than 2.5% NaCl.
Isolated from soil in Australia.
Undetermined.
  1. Xie, Cheng-Hui, Yokota, Akira: Reclassification of Alcaligenes latus strains IAM 12599T and IAM 12664 and Pseudomonas
    saccharophila as Azohydromonas lata gen. nov., comb. nov., Azohydromonas australica sp. nov. and Pelomonas saccharophila
    gen. nov., comb. nov., respectively. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2005 55: 2419-2425.
Positive results for  arginine dihydrolase, catalase, oxidase, Voges–Proskauer test, acid production from glucose mannitol, inositol,
rhamnose, sucrose, melibiose & arabinose.
Can utilize: galactose, D-glucose, D-fructose, mannitol, esculin, sucrose, melezitose & D-turanose.

Negative results for gelatin hydrolysis, acid production from sorbitol.
No utilization of: D- and L-arabinose, lactose, starch, sorbitol, citrate, glycerol, maltose, lactose, trehalose, 2-ketogluconate &  ribose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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