Advenella mimigardefordensis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Alcaligenaceae, Genus Advenella, Advenella
mimigardefordensis
(Wübbeler et al. 2006) Gibello et al. 2009.

Old synonym:
Tetrathiobacter mimigardefordensis Wübbeler et al. 2006.
Gram-negative, coccoid rods, 1.5-2 μm in length. Non-spore-forming. Motile.
aggregates in chains
Colonies on 3,3'-dithiodipropionic acid (DTDP) - containing agar plates are more flat
than convex, up to 3 mm in diameter and white to lime-yellowish in colour, showing
an increase in yellow colour with culture age. On complex medium, colonies grow in
1-2 days and appear more white than yellow and are up to 5 mm in diameter.
Temperature range for growth is 15–40 ºC (optimum 30-37 ºC). Has no specific
requirement for vitamins.
Isolated from a sample of matured compost from the compost plant in Munster (Germany).
Susceptible to kanamycin, gentamicin, tetracycline and streptomycin.
Undetermined.
  1. Wubbeler (J.H.), Lütke-Eversloh (T.), Van Trappen (S.), Vandamme (P.) And Steinbuchel (A.): Tetrathiobacter mimigardefordensis
    sp. nov., isolated from compost, a betaproteobacterium capable of utilizing the organic disulfide 3,3'-dithiodipropionic acid. Int. J.
    Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1305-1310.
  2. Gibello (A.), Vela (A.I.), Martin (M.), Barra-Caracciolo (A.), Grenni (P.) and Fernandez-Garayzabal (J.F.): Reclassification of the
    members of the genus Tetrathiobacter Ghosh et al. 2005 to the genus Advenella Coenye et al. 2005. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.,
    2009, 59, 1914-1918
  3. Matsuoka (M.), Park (S.), An (S.Y.), Miyahara (M.), Kim (S.W.), Kamino (K.), Fushinobu (S.), Yokota (A.), Wakagi (T.) and Shoun (H.):
    Advenella faeciporci sp. nov., a nitrite-denitrifying bacterium isolated from nitrifying–denitrifying activated sludge collected from a
    laboratory-scale bioreactor treating piggery wastewater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2986-2990.
Oxidative metabolism.

Positive results for acid and alkaline phosphatase, catalase, esterase (C4), esterase lipase (C8), leucine arylamidase, oxidase,
urease, naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase & valine arylamidase.
Can utilize: mercaptosuccinic acid, 3-mercaptopropionic acid, 2-mercaptopropionic acid, dibenzothiophene, benzothiophene, sodium
gluconate, glycerol, DL-lactate, D- and L-xylose, D-galactose, ribose, D-glucose, acetic acid, propionic acid, butyric acid, succinic acid,
L- and D-arabinose, adipic acid, citric acid, malic acid, Tween 80, D-galactose, D-mannose, formic acid, D-galactonic acid lactone,
D-galacturonic acid, D-gluconic acid, D-glucuronic acid, malonic acid, quinic acid, L-asparagine, L-aspartic acid, L-phenylalanine, D-
and L-fucose, gamma-aminobutyric acid, alpha-ketoglutaric acid, alpha-ketovaleric acid, glucose 6-phosphate, gamma-hydroxybutyric
acid, pyruvic acid methyl ester, succinic acid monomethyl ester, cis-aconitic acid, alpha- and beta-hydroxybutyric acid, itaconic acid,
alpha-ketobutyric acid, sebacic acid, succinic acid, bromosuccinic acid, succinamic acid, glucuronamide, alaninamide, D- and
L-alanine, L-alanyl glycine, L-glutamic acid, L-leucine, L-ornithine & L-proline.

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, cystine arylamidase, esculin hydrolysis, alpha-fucosidase,alpha- and beta-galactosidase,
beta-glucuronidase, alpha- and beta-glucosidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, gelatin hydrolysis, indole production, lipase
(C14), alpha-mannosidase, protease, nitrate reduction, nitrite reduction to N
2, trypsin, alpha-chymotrypsin & glucose fermentation.
No utilization of: 3,3'-thiodipropionic acid, 4,4'-dithiodibutyric acid, thioglycolic acid,  thiodiglycolic acid, D-mannose, D-mannitol,
D-maltose, N-acetylglucosamine, capric acid, phenylacetic acid, glycyl L-aspartic acid, glycyl L-glutamic acid, L- and D-serine,
D-saccharic acid, hydroxy-L-proline, L-threonine, alpha-cyclodextrin, dextrin, Tween 40, N-acetyl-D-galactosamine,
N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, adonitol, D- and L-arabitol, cellobiose, i-erythritol, D-fructose, gentiobiose, myo-inositol, alpha-lactose,
lactulose, melibiose, methyl beta-D-glucoside, D-psicose, raffinose, L-rhamnose, D-sorbitol, sucrose, trehalose, turanose, xylitol,
D-glucosaminic acid, p-hydroxyphenylacetic acid, L-histidine, L-pyroglutamic acid, DL-carnitine, urocanic acid, inosine, uridine,
thymidine, phenylethylamine, putrescine, 2-aminoethanol, 2,3-butanediol, DL-alpha-glycerol phosphate, glucose 1-phosphate,  
turanose, tagatose, D-lyxose, xylitol, gentiobiose, glycogen & 2-ketogluconate.
(c) Costin Stoica
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