Advenella incenata
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Alcaligenaceae, Genus Advenella, Advenella
Coenye et al. 2005 emend. Gibello et al. 2009, type species of the genus.
Gram-negative, small (1-2 µm), rod-shaped or coccoid cells that occur alone, in pairs
or in short chains. Motility is strain dependent.
On nutrient agar, colonies are flat or slightly convex with smooth margins. Colour is
light brown. Grows well on standard media under aerobic conditions, without the
need for addition of blood or specific growth factors. Does not grow on acetamide and
cetrimide agar. Growth temperature: 30-37 ºC (variable growth at 42 ºC). Hemolysis is
not produced. Can grow at NaCl concentrations of 0-3%.
Isolated from human sputum, human blood and contaminated horse blood.
  1. Coenye (T.), Vanlaere (E.), Samyn (E.), Falsen (E.), Larsson (P.) and Vandamme (P.): Advenella incenata gen. nov., sp. nov., a
    novel member of the Alcaligenaceae, isolated from various clinical samples. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 251-256.
  2. Gibello (A.), Vela (A.I.), Martin (M.), Barra-Caracciolo (A.), Grenni (P.) and Fernandez-Garayzabal (J.F.): Reclassification of the
    members of the genus Tetrathiobacter Ghosh et al. 2005 to the genus Advenella Coenye et al. 2005. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.,
    2009, 59, 1914-1918.
  3. Matsuoka (M.), Park (S.), An (S.Y.), Miyahara (M.), Kim (S.W.), Kamino (K.), Fushinobu (S.), Yokota (A.), Wakagi (T.) and Shoun (H.):
    Advenella faeciporci sp. nov., a nitrite-denitrifying bacterium isolated from nitrifying–denitrifying activated sludge collected from a
    laboratory-scale bioreactor treating piggery wastewater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2986-2990.
Positive results for acid and alkaline phosphatase, catalase, oxidase, esterase (C4), esterase lipase (C8), leucine arylamidase, valine
arylamidase, naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase & urease.
Can utilize: citrate, L-malate, adipate, glycerol, D- and L-xylose, D-arabinose, galactose, ribose, rhamnose, D- and L-fucose, gluconate,
2-ketogluconate, pyruvic acid methyl ester, succinic acid monomethyl ester, acetic acid, cis-aconitic acid, alpha- and beta-hydroxybutyric
acid, itaconic acid, alpha-ketobutyric acid, DL-lactic acid, propionic acid, sebacic acid, succinic acid, bromosuccinic acid, succinamic
acid, glucuronamide, alaninamide, D- and L-alanine, L-alanyl glycine, L-glutamic acid, L-leucine, L-ornithine, L-proline, glycyl L-aspartic
acid, glycyl L-glutamic acid, L-serine, D-saccharic acid, hydroxy-L-proline, L-threonine, glycogen, Tween 80, D-galactose,
alpha-D-glucose, D-mannose, formic acid, D-galactonic acid lactone, D-galacturonic acid, D-gluconic acid, D-glucuronic acid, malonic
acid, quinic acid, L-asparagine, L-aspartic acid & L-phenylalanine.

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, esculin hydrolysis, gelatin hydrolysis, nitrate and nitrite reduction, lipase (C14), trypsin,
alpha-chymotrypsin, alpha- and beta-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase, alpha- and beta-glucosidase,
N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, alpha-mannosidase, alpha-fucosidase, H
2S production, indole production, lysine decarboxylase,
ornithine decarboxylase & acid production from glucose.
No utilization of: trehalose, L-arginine, D-mannitol, N-acetylglucosamine, caprate, phenylacetate, D-mannose, N-acetyl-D-glucosamine,
alpha-cyclodextrin, dextrin, Tween 40, N-acetyl-D-galactosamine, adonitol, L-arabinose, D- and L-arabitol, cellobiose, i-erythritol,
D-fructose, gentiobiose, myo-inositol, alpha-lactose, lactulose, maltose, D-mannitol, melibiose, methyl beta-D-glucoside, D-psicose,
raffinose, L-rhamnose, D-sorbitol, sucrose, trehalose, turanose, xylitol, D-glucosaminic acid, p-hydroxyphenylacetic acid, L-histidine,
L-pyroglutamic acid, D-serine, DL-carnitine, urocanic acid, inosine, uridine, thymidine, phenylethylamine, putrescine, 2-aminoethanol,
2,3-butanediol, DL-alpha-glycerol phosphate, glucose 1-phosphate, sorbitol, starch & inulin.
(c) Costin Stoica
Culture media
Biochemical tests
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