Advenella faeciporci
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Alcaligenaceae, Genus Advenella, Advenella
faeciporci
Matsuoka et al. 2012.
Gram-negative coccoid cells, 1.5-2.0 µm. Nonmotile.
Colonies on LB agar are white, circular, flat, entire and rough. Grows at 10-45 ºC
(optimum, 25-35 ºC), at pH 5-11 (optimum, pH 7-9) and with 0-4% NaCl.
Isolated from nitrifying-denitrifying activated sludge from a laboratory-scale bioreactor treating piggery wastewater.
Undetermined.
  1. Matsuoka (M.), Park (S.), An (S.Y.), Miyahara (M.), Kim (S.W.), Kamino (K.), Fushinobu (S.), Yokota (A.), Wakagi (T.) and Shoun (H.):
    Advenella faeciporci sp. nov., a nitrite-denitrifying bacterium isolated from nitrifying–denitrifying activated sludge collected from a
    laboratory-scale bioreactor treating piggery wastewater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2986-2990.
Biochemical description is based mostly on API ZYM, API 20NE and Biolog GN2 results.

Positive results for alkaline phosphatase, catalase, oxidase, denitrification from nitrite,
esterase (C4), esterase lipase (C8), leucine arylamidase, valine arylamidase & naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase.
Can utilize: adipic acid, malic acid, citric acid, phenylacetic acid, pyruvic acid methyl ester, succinic acid monomethyl ester, acetic acid,
cis-aconitic acid, alpha- and beta-hydroxybutyric acid, itaconic acid, alpha-ketobutyric acid, alpha-ketoglutaric acid, alpha-ketovaleric
acid, DL-lactic acid, propionic acid, sebacic acid, succinic acid, bromosuccinic acid, succinamic acid, glucuronamide, alaninamide,
D- and L-alanine, L-alanyl glycine, L-glutamic acid, L-leucine, L-ornithine, L-proline & L-threonine.

Negative results for acid phosphatase, arginine dihydrolase, amylase hydrolysis, casein hydrolysis, DNase, esculin hydrolysis,
gelatinase, alpha- and beta-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase, alpha- and beta-glucosidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase,
alpha-mannosidase, alpha-fucosidase, indole production, nitrate reduction, urease, lipase (C14), trypsin, alpha-chymotrypsin & acid
production from glucose.
No utilization of: L-arabinose, gluconate, D-mannose, D-mannitol, N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, maltose, capric acid, alpha-cyclodextrin,
dextrin, Tween 40, N-acetyl-D-galactosamine, N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, adonitol,  D-arabitol, cellobiose, i-erythritol, D-fructose,
gentiobiose, myo-inositol, alpha-lactose, lactulose, melibiose, methyl beta-D-glucoside, D-psicose, raffinose, L-rhamnose,
D-sorbitol, sucrose, trehalose, turanose, xylitol, D-glucosaminic acid, p-hydroxyphenylacetic acid, L-histidine, L-pyroglutamic acid, L-
and D-serine, DL-carnitine, urocanic acid, inosine, uridine, thymidine, phenylethylamine, putrescine, 2-aminoethanol, 2,3-butanediol,
DL-alpha-glycerol phosphate, glucose 1-phosphate, glycogen, Tween 80, D-galactose, alpha-D-glucose, formic acid, D-galactonic
acid lactone, D-galacturonic acid, D-gluconic acid, D-glucuronic acid, malonic acid, quinic acid, L-asparagine, L-aspartic acid,
L-phenylalanine, L-fucose & gamma-aminobutyric acid.
(c) Costin Stoica
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