Achromobacter ruhlandii
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Alcaligenaceae, Genus Achromobacter,
Achromobacter ruhlandii (Packer and Vishniac 1955) Yabuuchi et al. 1998.

Old synonyms:
Alcaligenes ruhlandii (Packer and Vishniac 1955) Aragno and Schlegel
1977,
Hydrogenomonas ruhlandii Packer and Vishniac 1955, Pseudomonas ruhlandii
(Packer and Vishniac 1955) Davis in Davis et al. 1969.
Gram-negative rods, 0.8-1.2 x 2.5-3.0 μm. Nonsporeforming. Motile by peritrichous
flagella.
Obligately aerobic and nonfermentative. Nonhalophilic. Nonhemolytic. Can grow on
MacConkey agar and cetrimide agar. Able to grow at 41 ºC. No pigments are produced.
Isolated from soil and clinical samples from patients with cystic fibrosis.
Undetermined. Possible association with cystic fibrosis.
  1. Hans-Jurgen Busse and Georg Auling: Genus II. Achromobacter Yabuuchi and Yano 1981, 477VP emend. Yabuuchi, Kawamura,
    Kosako and Ezaki 1998a, 1083 in: Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 2, part C: The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and
    Epsilonproteobacteria, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), 2005, 658-662.
  2. Yabuuchi (E.), Kawamura (Y.), Kosako (Y.) and Ezaki (T.): Emendation of the genus Achromobacter and Achromobacter
    xylosoxidans (Yabuuchi and Yano) and proposal of Achromobacter ruhlandii (Packer and Vishniac) comb. nov., Achromobacter
    piechaudii (Kiredjian et al.) comb. nov., and Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans (Rüger and Tan) comb. nov.
    Microbiol. Immunol., 1998, 42, 429-438.
  3. Vandamme, P. A., Peeters, C., Inganas, E., Cnockaert, M., Houf, K., Spilker, T., Moore, E. R. B. and Lipuma, J. J. 2016. Taxonomic
    dissection of Achromobacter denitrificans Coenye et al. 2003 and proposal of Achromobacter agilis sp. nov., nom. rev.,
    Achromobacter pestifer sp. nov., nom. rev., Achromobacter kerstersii sp. nov. and Achromobacter deleyi sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol.
    Microbiol., 66, 3708-3717.
  4. Sinne Soberg Gade, Niels Norskov-Lauritsen and Winnie Ridderberg. Prevalence and species distribution of Achromobacter sp.
    cultured from cystic fibrosis patients attending the Aarhus centre in Denmark. Journal of Medical Microbiology 2017;66:686–689
    DOI 10.1099/jmm.0.000499.
Positive results for acid phosphatase,catalase, nitrate reduction (without gas), oxidase.
Oxidatively acid is produced in OF medium (2-3 days) from D- and L-arabinose, glucose, D-ribose & D-xylose.
Can utilize: citrate (2 days), adipic acid, capric acid, malic acid, gluconate, phenylacetate, D-glucose, D-xylose, D-arabinose,
sebacate, suberate, meso-tartrate, D- and L-malate, itaconate, mesaconate, beta-alanine, glycine, caprate, azelate, aconitate, lactate,  
L-serine, L-lysine, L-citrulline, L-histidine, gamma-aminobutyrate & m-hydroxybenzoate.

Negative results for alkaline phosphatase, arginine dihydrolase, DNase, beta-glucosidase, H
2S production, lysine and ornithine
decarboxylase, esculin hydrolysis, gelatin hydrolysis, phenylalanine deaminase, starch hydrolysis, urease, acid production from:
fructose, galactose, cellobiose, lactose, maltose, melibiose, sucrose, trehalose, raffinose, melezitose, glycerol, adonitol, dulcitol,
inositol, mannitol, sorbitol, salicin & inulin.
No utilization of: L-arabinose, D-mannitol, D-mannose, maltose, D-tartrate, N-acetylglucosamine, caproate, caprylate, pelargonate,
maleate, malonate, L-leucine, quinate, L-threonine, L-isoleucine & DL-norleucine.
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